Dental hygiene

ColgateModern means for care of mouth cavity is divided into tooth-powder, toothpaste and tooth elixirs. All of them have been used for a relatively long time, but their range is increasing every year. Simultaneously, the rise and requirements to hygiene products. Thus, if until recently the most important properties of any hygiene products was considered to be its harmless, good cleansing and refreshing effect, at the moment, this is not enough. Modern hygienic products specifically designed for cleaning of the oral cavity, should provide a good refreshing, deodorizing, polishing and cleaning action. Along with this it is desirable to include therapeutic and preventive additives, were neutral to the oral fluid and provided minimal abrasive (erase) the effect on the hard tissue of teeth. Therefore, great importance objective assessment of dental hygiene products, laboratory and clinical testing and regulation of the biological, physical-chemical and mechanical properties.
In our country the issue of dental hygiene products monitors Main sanitary epidemiological Department of the Ministry of health of the USSR. Produce only those hygienic products that meet the requirements of GOST. Before industrial production of any new hygienic means investigate it thoroughly. In particular, study of their abrasive, antimicrobial, cleaning, polishing and deodorizing properties determine treatment-and-prophylactic action. Only in the case if new dental hygiene preparations correspond biomedical and technical requirements, allow them to release.
First, perform laboratory research stage of dental hygiene means. At that, first of all study the contamination of their microflora, as well as determine antimicrobial effect powders, pastes and elixirs, especially in relation to the germs of the oral cavity. Then explore the abrasive properties on a special device, using for these purposes deleted teeth or material, similar in strength to the enamel. Study also homogeneity, stability and sustainability of the new hygiene products to temperature fluctuations.
Next, move to the clinical) research stage, during which the study deodorizing effect dental hygiene products with special biochemical methods, determine taste on the basis of the questionnaire method, establish cleansing properties by defining a special hygienic index (stained teeth and determine their "pollution" bloom before and after cleaning). In the study of treatment-and-prophylactic hygienic means use additional criteria, in particular purely medical tests and tests.
All this allows to evaluate new hygienic and treatment-and-prophylactic toothpaste, powders and potions and make appropriate recommendations on their application.