Textile industry

Textile industry - the industry light industry, engaged in processing of fibrous vegetable (cotton, flax and other), animals (wool, cocoons of silkworm), chemical (rayon, polyamide, polyester, etc.) materials in fabrics and other products. The process of obtaining tissue consists of three main stages: spinning, weaving and finishing.
In spinning and weaving workshops often occurs air pollution working space dust (see) recycling of materials, especially when downloading, itching, and when cleaning the dust cameras. Manufacture of artificial fur is accompanied, moreover, by release into the air of chloroprene. In the processing of natural raw materials is possible pollution by bacteria and fungi. Weaving and roving machines are the source of high frequency noise (see) to 90-105 dB, as well as General and local vibrations (see). In spinning, twisting and weaving workshops high air temperature (27-30 degrees), reeling in the shops of silk production and washing departments of woolen mills high relative humidity. Work is related to the stress of the weavers.
Conditions in the finishing and dyeing determined by the high temperature and relative humidity of air and air pollution: at bleaching - chlorine (see), with aniline dyeing - aniline (see), while diazoketone - nitrogen oxides (see), with sulfur dyeing - hydrogen sulphide (see), singeing - carbon monoxide (see). Dust fibers can cause respiratory diseases (pharyngitis, bronchitis, emphysema, weak diffuse pneumosclerosis, bronchial asthma), as well as conjunctivitis and itching of the skin. Prolonged exposure to noise (see) may be the cause of professional hearing loss, neurasthenia, etc.
Health activities: equipment technological equipment SPIRIRUALITY shelters, sealing equipment, pneumonia facilities; noise control (replacement of Shuttle looms, shuttleless type, replacement of metal parts, plastic machines, rational absorption walls and ceiling, the use of antiphons); timely prevention of skin diseases; the rational regime of work and rest. In the finishing shops - replacement of chlorine hydrogen peroxide, reducing the number of aniline and other toxic substances in dyes. Providing workers with household premises, working clothes.