Body temperature in children

At birth the child's temperature at measuring per rectum ranges from 37,2 to 38.2°, but 30-60 minutes she falls 1.5-2 degrees (on average up to 35,7 degrees). Children born in asphyxia, birth trauma, premature temperature is reduced more significantly. To prevent cooling newborn - the first toilet need to be produced under a lamp Solux. After the initial decline rectal temperature in healthy full-term infants increases and through 5-12 hour. reaches 36,2 of 36.5 degrees. During the first 2 to 3 weeks of life marked thermolability: cooling of the child easily leads to the decrease of temperature, excessive overheating wrap, water - to improve it. Thermolability newborn caused by the greater heat dissipation per unit surface area of the body, the subtlety of the skin, abundant blood supply, the wealth of water in the body. At infringement of water metabolism in some infants in the first 3-4 days of life develops transient fever: fever (sometimes up to 40 degrees), anxiety, husky voice, the sharp reduction in weight. The child in such cases must be free from unnecessary service and to drink boiled water, 5% glucose solution or izotoniceski solution of sodium chloride (50 ml). Then appoint a drink at the rate of 6 ml per 1 kg of body weight per day. Provide the required quantity of milk. At very high temperatures give 1 teaspoon of 1% solution amidopirina , or 0.5 - 1 ml it is injected intramuscularly.
Healthy infants and older inherent monotreme. In violation feeding the introduction of large quantities of protein or salt with food - they may also increase the temperature (salt fever). In children with exudative diathesis or vegetarianusok, may be uneven temperature fluctuations during the day within subfebrile figures and prolonged fever after acute respiratory diseases, immunization, concerning which they are assigned desencibilizirutuyu therapy (Dimedrol, pipolfen, suprastin, calcium preparations). Prolonged fever in children should guard against chronic infections: tuberculosis, weak current sepsis, sinusitis, otitis, tonirovannoye intoxication, etc.
Newborns and infants is easier to measure the temperature in the rectum, where it is by 0.3 to 0.5 degrees higher than in the armpit.