Thermometry body

Thermometry body - measurement of body temperature. For thermometry of the body most commonly used medical thermometer, which has a scale from 35(34) up to 42 degrees with divisions in decimal degrees.
After thermometry body thermometer have several times shake to the column of mercury fell into the tank. In the capillary medical thermometer has narrowing, hinder the return of mercury in the tank after heat exposure.


Fig. 1. The measurement of body temperature in the armpit.

Fig. 2. Registration of a patient's temperature in temperature sheet.

Thermometry of the body is carried out to a meal with the patient lying or sitting for 10 minutes the temperature Measurement is usually produced in the armpit (Fig. 1). The skin of the armpits must wipe dry.
Body temperature infants sometimes measured in inguinal fold, or in the rectum; in the latter case, before measuring the temperature of the thermometer should be smeared with vaseline In rare cases (for example, when a very strong anxiety patients) instead of thermometry body can measure the temperature of the just-released urine.
Thermometry of the body usually spend 2 times a day: in the morning (7-8 hours). and in the evening (17-18 hours. For some diseases (for example, at rheumatism, tuberculosis), to capture short-term fluctuations in temperature during the day, thermometry body spend every two or four hours. The obtained data the medical officer shall immediately record in the history of the disease, and sometimes graphically represent in the form of the curve at the temperature sheet (Fig. 2). After measuring body temperature thermometer should be placed in disinfectant solution.
For thermometry of the body other than medical thermometers, use the minute thermometers (allowing to measure the temperature within 2-3 minutes), electric thermometers (convenient for mass screening and for measuring local temperature various areas of the skin and mucous membranes), and second (allowing to register the body temperature for a long time).