Thiamine (Vitamin B1)

Thiamine (Thiaminum; vitamin B1; list B) - specific means for the treatment and prevention B1-hypovitaminosis. Thiamin is also used in neuritis, neuralgia, peripheral paraplegia, diseases of the liver, ulcers stomach and duodenal ulcer, in patients with stenocardia and myocardial infarction, when endarteritis and other diseases. Assign inside of 0,006-0.02 g 1-5 times a day or intramuscularly 0.015-0.06 g 1 time per day.
Produced in the form of thiamine-bromide (Thiamini bromidum) in powder, tablets and pills to 0,002 grams in 1 ml ampoule 3 and 6% solution or in the form of thiamine-chloride (Thiamini chloridum) in powder and tablets 0,002; 0.005 and 0.01 g; USD in 1 ml of 2.5 and 5% solution.
Cm. also Vitamins.

The important role of vitamin B1 in the body basically boils down to the fact that he is part of the enzyme involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates. The lack of vitamin B1 in the body results in accumulation of pyruvic and dairy acid, and this leads to disorders of the nervous system and heart. The lack of this vitamin in the diet has also been impaired metabolism of fats and proteins.
Vitamin B1 in the greatest quantity contained in cereals. A good source of it are also legumes : peas, beans, lentils, soya. Products of animal origin, excluding pork, poor in this vitamin. Relatively a lot of it is found in liver, kidney, heart. Vitamin B1 in the products tolerates heated in the presence of acid, but quickly destroyed when added to water alkali (sodium).
Vitamin B1 is distributed in the grain is uneven for most it is the shell of the grain and its Bud. That's why white bread, made from the highest grade flour contains several times less vitamin B1 than black bread from wheat flour and bran. For the same reason contain almost no vitamin C) rice and some other cereals (millet, barley and others), for production of which deletes all of the shell.
In some Asian countries, rice is the main crop and the main source of food for the population. Diseases B1-deficiency common in these countries, and they are found mainly among the poorest people, the food which consists almost exclusively of one of polished rice.
It is very difficult disease primarily affects the nerves of extremities, especially the nerves of the feet, upset gait appear paralysis, disturbed activity of the heart. Gait such patients resembles the movement of the person with constrained by the chain by the foot. This is also reflected in the very name of the disease beriberi (in the Indian way "take" means "shackles").
Ill B1-deficiency can, of course, not eating only rice but also any other food that lacks vitamin B1. For example, the disease is often seen in people who consume mostly white bread, cereals and other farinaceous dishes, hardly containing vitamin B1.
The daily need for vitamin B1 in normal conditions is for an adult 2 milligram, for children under 7 years - 1.5 milligrams.
With the phenomena B1-hypovitaminosis often associated complaints of women during pregnancy of numbness and tingling in the fingertips, cramps in the leg muscles and other medications prescription vitamin b; quickly eliminates these unpleasant sensations.
Vitamin industry produces vitamin B1 in the form of tablets and coated tablets containing either one this vitamin, or in combination with vitamin C. This combination is not accidental, because the increasing needs in both vitamins often observed under the same conditions. A valuable source of vitamin B1 are liquid and dry beer yeast. The solutions of this vitamin, available in capsules, injected subcutaneously or intramuscularly, such as diseases of the stomach and intestines.
Vitamin B1 as a remedy is widely used in diseases of the nerves (neuritis and radiculitis), resulting from some of poisoning, infection, injury, or other reasons. Vitamin B1 has the ability to reduce the feeling of pain. It has been observed that higher doses prevents the development of poisonings with the action on the organism of some industrial poisons (carbon disulfide, lead, arsenic). Currently still require validation of interesting information about that. that vitamin B1 in combination with some of the other b vitamins promotes better health of people when flying at high altitude.