Thoracotomy is the act of opening the chest cavity. Indications: traumatic damage to the heart, lungs, vessels, rupture of the esophagus, tumors of the listed bodies, heart defects, subject to surgical treatment, as well as accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity. Access when thoracotomy diverse and depend on the mission.
Thoracotomy is often under endotracheal anesthesia, rarely procaine under local anesthesia.