Currently, toothpaste rocsdifferent toothpastes are the most common means for care of oral cavity. Toothpastes usually consist of abrasive fillers (chalk, dicalcium phosphate, pyrophosphate, calcium, metaphosphate sodium aluminium silicate and others), a binder (glycerol, sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose, sodium alginate and others), surface-active substances (sodium Soaps, laurylsulphate sodium, Paola, sodium lauryl sulphate, postpone and others), odorants and antiseptics-preservative.
In recent years the composition of toothpastes soap not impose, as it was found that it had a negative influence on the gum tissue and prevented the inclusion in paste of a number of new useful features. As an antiseptic most often used propyl ether , paraoksibenzojnoj acid. The most common components of domestic toothpastes are chemically precipitated chalk, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, glycerin, sodium laurylsulfate, antiseptic as a preservative and flavoring. Pasta may contain, in addition to these substances, and treatment-preventive additives (chlorophyllin sodium, provitamins and vitamins, extracts and tinctures of various medicinal herbs, salts, trace elements, enzymes and other substances).
Production of toothpaste on domestic enterprises are completely mechanized. The technology of their manufacture is composed mainly of two stages: preparation of a solution of sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose and cooking pasta. Once cooked and seasoned during the day, the solution Na-KMTS, at constant stirring, glycerin, fragrance oil, chalk, and then sodium laurylsulfate, antiseptic, perfume and biologically active additives. At the final stage of manufacturing paste it passed through colloidal mill-disperser, which gives the product a special plastic properties. After using the machine paste Packed in special tubes and placed in boxes.
Nowadays perfumery and cosmetic industry produces a very large range of toothpastes, which should be divided into two large groups. The main part of industrial production are hygienic toothpastes that are intended for cleaning of the teeth and mouth from the remnants of food and plaque, and for partial deodorization due contained in the fragrances of essential oils. The other group consists of medical-prophylactic toothpaste, including as additional components useful biologically active preparations. These pastes, in addition to cleansing and refreshing action, have a very beneficial effect on the tissues of the teeth, the mucous membrane of the mouth, contributing often curative interventions.
whitening toothpastethe Hygienic toothpastes do not contain any additives and intended only for mechanical cleaning of the teeth. Depending on the amount and kind of put surfactants they are foaming, libopenais and pins sredina, i.e. on any taste of the consumer. To some extent they differ and perfumes. So, children's dental hygiene paste "Artek", "Berry", "just you wait", "Krasnaya Shapochka", "Children", "Moidodyr", and others have good taste properties due pleasant fragrances and other additives, which include various essential oils and food essences. Pasta, intended for children, also have a mild antiseptic action. Good taste characteristics of children's dental hygiene past their main feature, as it allows faster to teach children to regular cleaning of the teeth, making the necessary procedure in pleasant. The colorful majority of children's toothpastes also aims to facilitate the interest of children in cleaning the teeth.
There is a view that children allegedly prefer to brush teeth powder. However, this opinion is wrong and based on nothing. Research of a number of experts clearly showed that 7-9 years of age brush my teeth various powders 40 - 45% of children, and in 12-15 years of age, just 15 - 20%. The thing is, apparently, not that prefer children, and in what their parents taught. It should be noted that the tendency of reduction of the use of dental powders is saved in the older age groups (Fig. 18).
Among the usual hygienic toothpastes, produced by our industry and products purchased abroad, most often applied to "Mint", "Orange", "Borovlyanka", "Vostrikova, Chlorodane" and others they Differ from each other mainly taste, and to some extent washing properties. Antiseptic, cleansing and deodorizing their action is in fact the same.
In treatment-and-prophylactic toothpaste includes, besides the usual components of biologically active products (salt, enzymes, herbal extracts, vitamins, trace elements and other). Depending on incoming these drugs paste, in turn, can be subdivided into several groups.
Chloroperlidae toothpastes currently widely used and well-deserved recognition by the specialists dentists and consumers. This is primarily toothpaste "Forest". It contains holocarboxylase mass, carotene, vitamins C and d, resinous and balsamic substances. Thanks to this rich complex of biologically active substances pasta renders the expressed positive effect on the gum tissue, has high deodorizing and refreshing properties. The paste some kind of a bitter taste, but it is in great demand among the population. Pasta "Forest" is issued by Moscow cosmetic Association "Freedom", Leningrad, Nikolaev, Kharkov cosmetic companies.

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