Tourism

Tourism is one of the means of physical education, sport activity. The variety of forms and accessibility for General population determine the mass and popularity of tourism. The most popular is Hiking. During the campaign under the influence of muscular work and natural factors improves the work of cardiovascular and respiratory systems, the intensity of metabolic processes; moreover, the abundance of impressions and positive emotions have a beneficial effect on the nervous system. Various types of tourism is included in the Unified all-Union sports classification, included in the complex of BGTO and the TRP. Set discharge standards, the title of master of sports, there is a provision for awarding the badge "Young tourist" and "Tourist USSR".
Organizationally, there are Amateur tourism (independent choice of the route and means of transportation, self-service on the way) and conducted by the tourist organizations. Tours can be a group and mass. Duration tours come in a day or two days (weekend) and multi-day tourist travel. On a territorial basis distinguish middle, or local tourism, travel far and, finally, international tourism. The latter is used as a means of cultural communication with people of different countries. Different and also modes of transportation used by tourists: ski tours, travel on bicycles, motorbikes, cars, and also on the water (rowing, kayak), and other
At the organization of children's tourism (for the students of III-V classes), you must consider the following requirements: must be a dedicated, trained leaders (teachers, pionervozhataya); the group must be homogeneous by age and degree of preparedness of the participants, the need to limit the duration of transitions, speed of movement and, on the contrary, increase the time for regional activities, games, discussions around the campfire, etc. are of Great importance to the views of children and youth tourism, contributing to the education of patriotism and associated with the study of military Affairs in the form of war games.
An important condition for the positive impact of tourism is the observance by participants of a campaign of discipline and routine (PL. 1).

Table 1. Approximate day regimen of participants-day treks
Events Run time (in hours)
Rise
Morning exercises, Breakfast, preparations for departure
The first (big) transition
Big camp (lunch, rest, sightseeing, cultural entertainment, games, etc.
The second transition
Preparation of a camp, supper, cultural entertainment
Sleep
6
6-7
7-12

12-15
From 15 to 18 or 19
19-22
From 22 to 6
Note. Small halts (10 minutes) every 45-60 minutes

Table 2. The average amount of physical activity for participants Hiking
Age group Movement speed on the snow (in km/h) Distance (in km) Cargo weight (kg)
Younger students (students of grades 3 to 5)
Older students
Young men and older

2-2,5
3-4
4-5

8-10
12-15
15-30

2-4
8-10
16-20

Amount of physical activity (table. 2) depend on age, sex, state of health, the degree of fitness of the participants in the campaign, and the nature of the terrain, the profile path, the time of year, weather, etc.
Route selection, means of transportation, duration of travel, etc., must correspond to the capabilities of the team members. Some types of tourism with the right organization of the campaign tolerate people with severe age-related changes and some chronic diseases (outside the period of exacerbation). Specific diseases and deviations in health status are contraindications to participate in tourist activities, such as chronic thrombophlebitis (for walking or Cycling), lumbosacral radiculitis (canoe trip), decreased visual acuity (for travel by Bicycle and motorcycle, and so on). This suggests the importance of medical control over involved in tourism. To maintain health in the way of great importance is the knowledge and the requirements of hygiene in respect of clothing, shoes and other equipment (tents, sleeping bags, tableware and so on). It is necessary to take camping first aid kit, know the ways of providing first aid for injuries and diseases. For the correct nutrition in a way to have a supply of high-calorie concentrate, canned food, vitamins, means for the disinfection of water (pantocidum); to take special care when eating wild plants, berries, mushrooms. It is recommended to familiarize with the medical geography of the area of travel, with questions of regional pathology. Tourists are required to observe the rules of hygiene, not to pollute their places of parks and protected vegetation and useful animals.