Tracheitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea. Occurs, as a rule, cold and cooling of the body, infectious diseases (respiratory infections, influenza, measles, whooping cough and other); predisposing moments can serve as heart and lung disease, the children rickets, exudative diathesis. Tracheitis occurs more often in spring and autumn. There are acute and chronic tracheitis.
Acute tracheitis begins with acute rhinitis (see) and Qatar nasopharynx, then the inflammatory process covers the trachea. The main symptom of acute tracheitis is cough, disturbing sick at night and especially in the morning. Cough with tracheitis, as a rule, paroxysmal - occurs when a deep breath, laughing, weeping, change of ambient temperature and so on, When the accumulation of mucus in the field of tracheal bifurcation may occur attack strong whooping cough. Sputum at the beginning of the disease is separated with difficulty, in small quantities and is sticky, slimy character, gradually it becomes mucous-purulent and separated easier. Dramatically expressed tracheitis patients sometimes complain of a dull aching pain in the shed, and in the chest, especially after coughing. The voice from the accompanying laryngitis (see) may be hoarse. The General condition usually suffer slightly, sometimes there are headaches, a feeling of weakness, temperature more low grade, but children have a temperature of 39 degrees. The disease usually ends in 1-2 weeks. In case of delayed treatment or failure to home treatment may develop chronic tracheitis, or spread to other parts of the respiratory system (traheobronhit, capillary bronchitis, pneumonia, and so on).
Treatment: mustard on his chest or back, inhalation of aerosols of antibiotics; difficulty discharge of phlegm - expectorants, with a painful cough - codeine dionin.
Chronic tracheitis may develop acute tracheitis, but more often is the result of diseases, leading to the phenomena of stagnation on the grounds of violation of circulation (emphysema lungs, heart disease, kidney). Children may develop chronic tracheitis measles or pertussis. The main symptom of chronic tracheitis - cough, stronger in the morning and at night. In some cases, with a dry cough number of viscous sputum small, others sputum rich, mucopurulent character. If percussion and auscultation of pathological changes are detectable. The disease long, with temporary improvements.
The treatment should be aimed at eliminating the causes of disease and coincides with the treatment of chronic bronchitis (see). Apply inhalation of antibiotics and oil-alkaline inhalation. When abundant separated - injection into the trachea cementitious powders at the moment of a breath. In chronic tracheitis with frequent exacerbations shown climatotherapy at the southern coast of Crimea or the black sea coast of the Caucasus, with a maximum stay on the air.