Trauma is the area of clinical medicine studying mechanical damages of locomotor apparatus (fractures, sprains, strains), their clinical diagnostics, during, treatment and prevention. As an independent discipline traumatology stood out from the surgery. In traumatology widely used conservative (reposition, skeletal traction) and operational (osteosynthesis) treatment methods that are closely related to orthopedics (see). Damage to various parts of the body and internal organs are studied other medical disciplines (e.g. injuries to the skull - neurosurgery, eye - ophthalmology and others).