Injuries of the spine and spinal cord

In athletes in training, especially struggle, bar, gymnastics, acrobatics, horse riding, jumping ski jumping, ski sports, football, hockey, diving, there are closed injury of the spine and spinal cord. According to M. P. Saratovskogo (1948), the injuries of the spine in athletes be 10.5 % of all injuries. Causes, pathogenesis and prevention of injuries to the cervical spine in athletes widely covered J. Torg (1985). When injuries of the spine can be as a direct impact of traumatic agent on the spine and indirect excessive bending and straightening the spine when you fall on your feet and head. Under the action of compressive spine forces in the vertical direction sometimes there compression fractures; under the action of forces at an angle often join their dislocation. Sometimes there is a partial separation of the transverse process I lumbar vertebra by excessive tension of the muscles during exercise with weights. If damaged vertebrae may be a compression of the substance of the spinal cord or pinched nerve roots.
Analysis of the causes of these injuries indication of deficiencies in the training process, insurance bad when you exercise, violation of discipline, etc.,
Sportsmen, who received a closed injury of the spine with signs of damage to the nerve root or the spinal cord, cracks and fractures of the vertebrae or their extensions, are subject to immediate hospitalization, with special attention should be paid to proper and timely provision of first aid and transportation (horizontal, hard stretcher). The question of renewal of training and participation in competitions after recovery should be treated individually with the participation of the neurologist.
Prevention of injuries of the spine is reduced to the correct organization of training sessions and competitions. We need to educate athletes skills of self-insurance, i.e. the correct and safe fall, ability to avoid dangerous movements and posture. Methods of self particularly well must be internalized wrestlers, gymnasts, acrobats, jumpers in the water, jumpers from a springboard to ski, because in these sports, the possibility of injury is greater than in others. Should constantly monitor the health and good quality sports equipment and inventory. Weightlifters for protection prirastajte ligaments of the lumbar spine should wear a wide leather belt.