Trauma is a violation of vital processes and functions of the body under the influence of excessively strong influence of environmental factors - physical and chemical (local or General) or mental. The injury can be caused and moderate, but stubbornly repeating the influence of certain factors. Injury caused to the local effect of physical or chemical agents, and usually accompanied by changes anatomic structures, called damage. This is the most common, everyday event of injury.
However, injury and damage is not synonymous; the term "damage", as a rule, do not apply to those kinds of injuries, which are characterized by expressed General disorders and local (especially anatomic) violations are missing or are not mandatory. These are the "rheumatic" injuries, in which the traumatic agent is cooling ("colds factor"), and in particular mental injury is a result of fright, suddenly befell grief, etc., hard feelings. Injury caused by mechanical impact, evenly distributed on the whole surface of the victim's body, called the General contusion (see). The specific mechanism and clinical picture have acoustic trauma (see), barotrauma (see) and the trauma caused by overloading during acceleration. Depending on the situation and circumstances that caused traumatic impact, there are injured military, industrial, sports, household and other