The injury is a collection of newly created injuries in the given population for a limited time. There are production, non-production, sport injuries and injuries in children. Industrial injuries is divided into industrial and agricultural. To non-productive injuries include: caused by transport, household and street. Sports injuries are injuries in practicing sports and physical culture.
The struggle with injuries consists of prevention and the organization of trauma care.
Injury prevention is based on the identification of the causes, circumstances and conditions of origin of the injury investigation by each of them at the scene. These investigations usually along with the administration, representatives of the safety engineering and trade Union organizations actively participate and health workers. On the basis of such investigation is developing a comprehensive plan for the prevention of injuries. In this plan include concrete measures to address the causes of injuries as a result of violations of technical, organizational and sanitary-hygienic norms and rules. Providers have a leading role in addressing the causes of the injuries caused by the violation of sanitary-hygienic norms. They also carry out activities to address the so-called factors of a personal order, which may be the causes of injury: the disease, fatigue, alcohol intoxication, etc.
The Soviet legislation the primary responsibility for ensuring safe working practices (see safetyand for the effective fight against industrial injuries entrusts the administration of industrial and agricultural enterprises. Addressing the causes other types of injuries is the responsibility of the local administrative authorities and institutions. The main activities in the struggle against street injury strict control over observance of rules of traffic, the selection of drivers and tram, explanatory work with the population, combating alcoholism, the device underground passages. Prevention of sports injuries: conducting classes and trainings with an instructor; reliable "insurance", well-organized medical control. Most injuries in children occurs as a result of inadequate oversight. When the Executive Committee of Feight KP organized by the Central Commission for combating child injuries. Similar commissions are available in all cities of the USSR. In the struggle with injuries participate Union organization, red cross Society and its local organizations. In the USSR, great progress has been made in reducing workplace injuries.
To ensure suffer injury specialized medical aid in the USSR exists a coherent framework of the organization of trauma care, which consists of qualified first trauma care, outpatient and inpatient treatment. The first trauma care is usually at the scene average medical staff of health centers and medical units of industrial enterprises, medical stations in rural areas and staff stations and departments ambulance. Outpatient trauma care is provided in a special trauma points, organized in cities with large clinics at the rate of one point per 100 thousand population. Inpatient care is provided in a special traumatological departments of city hospitals, the rate of 40 beds per 100 thousand of population.
The final stage of the organization of trauma care is medical rehabilitation undertaken previously possible. It is done in special departments of scientific research institutes of traumatology and orthopedics, and also in a number of medical institutions. In regenerative treatment of injuries of the musculoskeletal system are important physical, including Spa treatments and physiotherapy, which play an important role nurse.