Brain injuries, tumors, inflammatory diseases

A bruise of a brain by severity, symptoms and clinical manifestations gives a picture of a severe concussion with deeper damage. The frequent complications of a brain injury include the following: paresis, and paralysis of the limbs, disorders of hearing, sight, smell, taste, voice, and intelligence (traumatic dementia).
With traumatic brain injuries I period of medical physical culture corresponds to the transition of the patient from a state of acute disease in subacute (standby mode); II period - the transition from acute condition of chronic or to recovery (pruposely mode); the third period is the final clinical recovery, requiring the exercise of the functions of the affected organ and the whole body, and at impossibility full recovery - maximum development of compensatory adaptations of the organism to the environment (training mode).
At the open and closed traumatic brain injuries terms of therapeutic gymnastics is individual. Breathing exercises and exercises for small and medium muscle groups appointed after the termination of nausea and vomiting, active physiotherapy - a few days before the victim will be allowed to sit down.
When paresis and paralysis passive physiotherapy appointed, despite the difficult condition of the patient is still in intensive care in hospital or intensive care.
In the first period of the exercises are done in the original position lying on a back. When all kinds of brain damage are excluded exercises for head, as they can cause nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and so on, much attention is paid breathing exercises (mostly static type) and exercises for small and medium groups of muscles of the upper and lower extremities. In the exercises, which initially included 5-10 exercises with the minimum number of replications (breathing by Mr. B. once, other z-h times;. EMP them run slow breath of 1:1. In the first 3-4 days of lessons 1 per day, and with the improvement of the General condition of the patient is 3-4 times; their duration is increasing due to the development of new exercises and by the end of the period can be increased to 15-20 min.
In the II period are breathing exercises dynamic type and joint exercises for head and body (down, lifting, turns, circular movements) in the original provisions of lying down or sitting in a minimum dosage (1-2 times). As the adaptation of the number of iterations increases. After mastering sick joint movements of head and trunk designate isolated movement one head. They run between obshherazvivajushhego and breathing exercises, at a slow pace, 1-2 times each, with pauses between them. When unpleasant feelings pause increase. Much attention is paid to different exercises in balance and coordination, gradually increasing their number and complexity. In the main part of the practice include exercise on attention, accuracy, memory training, agility and exercise in the walk (after traumatic brain damage is often gait disturbance). When paresis and paralysis patients do exercises with the help of a healthy hands, devices and tools. In spastic paralysis of the victim teach self relaxation of muscles. Classes in the II period are 3 to 4 times a day, the duration of their 30-50 minutes
In the third period, with the full restoration of health is solved the problem of training of all motor skills. Exercises are performed in different starting positions, at different rates, breathing 1:3 and free. In the studies included a complex of exercises for coordination, in equilibrium, with the items on shells and shell, in the position of head-down-vis the rings, a climbing wall, outdoor games. Jumps, jumps and running resolved by the physician in each case individually. In the third period is assigned to occupational therapy. In case of incomplete restoration of the lost functions train compensatory-substitution motor skills.
After the removal of brain tumors appears publemozgova and focal symptoms, manifested a strong headache with nausea or vomiting, blurred vision, having motor, sensitive disorder with loss of coordination of movements, and sometimes gait or speech (depending on tumor localization). If the tumor is benign, medical physical culture appointed after the stitches have been removed and carried out by the method of characteristic sluggish or spastic paralysis (depending on process of destruction). When a malignant tumor therapeutic physical culture is contraindicated.
Of inflammatory diseases of the brain is most common arachnoiditis - inflammation of the arachnoid brain. Cause of arachnoiditis is injury, sustained infection, complications after surgery. The disease is characterized by headaches, loss of coordination, vestibular disorders and other symptoms. Therapeutic physical culture appointed in reducing headaches. On the background of General developmental and breathing exercises include special exercises for the restoration of the lost functions: coordination, balance, reaction time and other patients First perform a basic, easy exercises, and in process of moving to improve sophisticated and subsequent to the training exercises.