Injuries of musculoskeletal system

To injuries of the musculoskeletal system are scrapes, scratches, wounds, bruises, sprains, tears and tears of muscles, tendons, and fascia, damage of ligaments and joint capsule, subluxations and dislocations of joints and bone fractures.
Scrapes. This is a superficial skin damage, manifested in the formation of painful swelling, then redness and bladder filled colorless liquid. When injected into the damaged skin microbes may occur extensive inflammation, accompanied by a whole body reaction (fever, weakness, headache, and so on) (see main 13, paragraph 2). Cause abrasions can be prolonged friction on the skin folds carelessly put on socks or stockings, too loose or tight shoes (for example, skiers, participants Hiking), saddles (with cyclists and equestrians), and other
To prevent abrasions needs careful preparation of clothes and shoes to long Hiking or race. In the initial stage of education scrapes can lubricate this place boric vaseline and wrap.
When formed scrapes need to clean the affected skin area 3%hydrogen peroxide solution and impose on him ointment dressing.
Abrasion. This is a superficial skin damage, accompanied capillary bleeding and limfocitarian. Abrasion occurs in the fall on a treadmill (runners), on a concrete track or the highway (with cyclists), rappelling, the pole (gymnastics), hit the floor when you fall (volleyball and basketball) and so on the Surface clear of 3%-s ' solution of peroxide of hydrogen and grease 2%alcohol solution brilliant green. Surface abrasion is very painful, therefore, lubrication should be performed with caution. With the help of a spray can to irrigate solution brilliant green. Small abrasions should be left open daily applying UV exposure (dose - 1/3 - 3/4 biodozy). With extensive bruises to the introduction of tetanus toxoid.
The wound. This is tissue damage with infringement of an integrity of the skin or mucous membranes. Depending on the mechanism of damage are distinguished stab wounds (such as spikes athletic shoes), cut (blade), the hurt (when a collision, the fall, impact) and other
The wound is dangerous because of the possibility of significant blood loss and infection. As a result of contamination of a wound and reproduction in it of various pathogens (often streptococci and staphylococci) inflammation occurs, it becomes painful, the skin around her blushes, swell up, starts to pus. Getting into the wound of the earth (for example, when wounded, spiked boots on the football field) is dangerous because with her in the wound can penetrate the germs causing deadly complications: tetanus and gas gangrene. When such wounds necessarily the introduction of tetanus toxoid.
Assisting with wound, it is necessary first of all to stop the bleeding, then lubricate the edge of the brine 5%tincture of iodine and apply a sterile bandage. It is strictly forbidden to touch the wound by hand. Do not attempt to clean and wash the wound disinfectant liquids, such as washing can carry germs on the skin and from the wound surface deep into her. In addition, from the effects of these fluids are suffering not so much microbes, how many nerves, tissue cells in the wound, resulting in their ability to heal is reduced (see main 18).
Every fresh wound must immediately undergo primary surgical treatment. At the slightest suspicion on the possibility of infection in the wound is in a course of antibiotic treatment. For stimulation of regenerative processes, it is expedient in the days of binding locally applied ultra-violet irradiation.
Duration of sports loss of ability to work depends on the nature of the damage and of course painful process (magnitude, depth of the wound, its location, the presence of complications and others).