Sanitary-hygienic requirements to municipal institutions (baths, laundries, a hair)

Hygienic baths is to maintain the cleanliness of the skin and its normal physiological state. Bath has a large epidemiological importance in the prevention of sensiblenatty among the population, prevention of infectious diseases such as typhus and relapsing fever. Wash in the bath may have therapeutic value. The baths are and cultural values, as the cleanliness and purity of the body are necessary elements and indicators culture of the population.
There are baths Russian type with a total razdevalke, soap rooms and steam rooms, baths, shower type with shared or private showers, baths mixed type; sanitary throughput capacity.
For proper maintenance of the population bath should have a specific set of rooms: an entrance hall with cloakroom, a waiting room of an, a cloakroom, a soap, a steam room, premises for the personnel, a hairdresser's.
In order to prevent dangerous overload baths sizes of all premises are regulated. Height of the main premises - 3.5 m, and utility - 2,8 m
In the bath should be not less than two entrances - for visitors and service. The entrance to the bath should have the platform to prevent the cooling in the winter.
Special attention in hygienic and anti-epidemic regard should be paid to the changing room, where a close contact honey come and vylivshiesya people. The cloakroom does not have to reboot than normal, it should be promptly cleaned and disinfected. The walls should be covered with glazed tile to a ceiling, floors covered with linoleum.
From dressing rooms to the soap must be two entrances with gateways (input and output). Each dressing area has a size of 0,85-0,50 m, floors in the aisles and between sofas covered corrugated rubber tracks, easy disinfection. Cotton and carpet can be a source of spread of fungal diseases of the feet.
Soap premises baths also have a number of peculiarities. Floor washing rooms should be not less than 3 cm lower than the floor of the dressing room, and must have reliable waterproofing. It is best to do a floor tiles with a bias to the walls, along which lay a tray with ladders.
Wall washing rooms should be waterproof and faced the full height glazed tiles. The benches are made from a marble crumb. It is desirable that each washable had a separate bench. The aisles between the benches have a width of 1.2-2 m In the baths satisfied with Central heating, air supply and exhaust ventilation.
In all indoor baths should be of natural light (SC 1 : 10; 1 : 12). Artificial lighting should be sufficient and consistent.
Bathroom wastewater down in the common Sewerage network of the settlement.
Laundry rooms have a large epidemic is as washing clothes is both a disinfection it. In addition, laundries play and a big social role, freeing women from the heavy labour.
Laundry rooms should have two isolated compartments: for reception of dirty Laundry and issue clear. The height of production premises 3-3,5 m
The main premise in the Laundry room is with washing plant, where is washed linen and underwear, submitted to the Laundry. Floors and walls of this workshop should have a good waterproofing. The walls should be covered with glazed tile and flooring - ceramic floor; SC should be not less than 1 : 5 or 1 : 6.
The shop is equipped with washing machines and centrifuges. Pressed underwear discharged into trucks and sent to clothes-Ironing facility, equipped drying and Ironing, special machines. After that linen is delivered to the workshop assignment of clean underwear.
In washing and Ironing workshops temperature is maintained at 22 degrees, and in other premises - at the level of 18 degrees. In the Laundry should be combined extract and input ventilation, Central heating.
Artificial lighting must be uniform and sufficient.
It is necessary to conduct a thorough current supervision over the operation laundries, because if I do not wash cycle (boiling or Ironing process) underwear may cause the spread of infectious diseases (typhus, typhoid and others).
After work and during the day, make staff wet. In addition, once a week spend General cleaning.
In the dryer-Ironing workshop recommended that you remove the dust with a vacuum cleaner. In the shops of the reception and storage of dirty Laundry with washing use bleach solution.
Staff laundries have to work in the appropriate protective clothing: overalls (coats), gummed aprons, rubber boots, kerchiefs.
Data of medical examinations of personnel and the results of current surveys are brought in health magazine.
Hairdressing arrange in separate buildings, the first floors of residential buildings, in the same building with the enterprises of municipal services. Interior finish and equipment hairdressing should provide easy and quick cleaning of the premises. Ceilings should be painted by a glutinous paint, and the walls to the height of 1.6 m from the floor - light oil paint. Wall subsidiary premises revet tiles.
Flooring in the main premises hairdressing better be covered with linoleum, and in the utility - ceramic floor tiles. All main production facilities hairdresser should be covered by direct natural light (SC 1:6, 1:7). Artificial lighting should be combined - General and local.
Hairdressing with the number of places is between 20 and more equipped with exhaust ventilation.
At carrying out of current supervision should ensure a sufficient number of linen in a barbershop. Data of medical examinations of employees are recorded in a special log.
Doing Laundry for hairdressing should be conducted in special laundries. The current cleaning is carried out in all day and after work. Once a month, do the General cleaning. All employees of the barbershop are provided with overalls based 2 bathrobes and 2 caps.