Training - long systematic effects on the body to create increased physical or mental performance, and increase the body's resistance to various external influences. Training refers to any activity, but of special importance for sport. Sport training is systematic and planned use of physical exercises for improving motor skills, strength, dexterity, speed. Medical control (see) in sports training required. Health workers regularly inspect the condition of the cardiovascular system athletes, monitor body weight, the General condition and so on, preventing the occurrence of over-training. This state appears when excessive physical pressure in the form of fatigue, the fall of the sports results on trainings and competitions, refusing to training and even from the practice of sport at all. For removal of over-training is necessary on a more or less long period of time to cancel training.
Successful training is provided by kruglogodichnogo and continuity for several years, a gradual increase of the load, correct alternation of work and rest, nutrition, medical supervision.
Health workers are judged on the quality of the training objective (improvement of the cardiovascular system, increase lung capacity, increase muscle strength) and subjective indicators (presence or absence of fatigue, quick onset of fatigue, the recovery rate of the previous state). Training leads to specific changes in various peripheral organs which is also an objective indicator of its quality. An example of such changes can be the morphological change in locomotor apparatus arising from permanent and long-sports training: hypertrophy of muscle, increase the size of individual muscle fibers, thickening of the cortical bone, etc.