Trichomoniasis (synonym trichomoniasis) is an infectious disease of the urinary tract, caused by flagellates protozoa - vaginalis, Trichomonas. Trichomonas is often found in pregnant women, more often - gynecological patients; in some cases accompanied by gonorrhea women. Men trichomoniasis is 40-60% of nongonococcal urethritis. Virgins and children, the disease is extremely rare. The source of infection is a person with trichomoniasis, or trichomonacidal. Infection occurs predominantly sexually transmitted diseases, uneprowa (household) infection may in rare cases. The infection to women through the water when swimming in ponds and rivers is rejected.
Innate and acquired immunity to the disease is characterized not exist; persons who have had trichomoniasis, can be infected again.
Clinical course and symptoms. The incubation period of the disease 5-15 days. Women are more often affected vagina (see Colpitis) and the urethra (see Urethritis). The symptoms of acute and subacute Trichomonas vaginitis: abundant liquid frothy white, with a smell, sometimes with admixture of blood secret, accompanied by a sensation of itching and burning sensation at the vulva and vagina; there is pain during sexual intercourse. During the inspection of the vaginal mucosa edema, diffuse redness, in places with point hemorrhages. The cervix if you are involved in the inflammatory process becomes swollen, mucous her hyperemic, from the cervical canal appear in the selection. Flowing from the vagina allocation cause irritation of the mucous membranes and skin of the external genitals. In chronic colpitis the vaginal mucosa focal hyperemic, and all of the above phenomena is expressed less. Painful frequent urination occurs when the involvement of the urethra. The Trichomonas vaginitis symptoms in girls and Mature women absolutely identical.
Men with trichomoniasis more often affected the urethra. Clinically, the disease is the type of gonorrhea and other bacterial urethritis, but a slight mucous or mucopurulent discharge from the urethra, itching, pain during urination.
Trichomonas vaginal parasitize not only on the mucous membrane of the vagina and the urethra; they can affect the bladder (see Cystitis), the urinary tract, renal pelvis, the lining of the uterus (see Metroendometrit) and its appendages (see Adnexitis), and in men, the prostate gland (see Prostatitis), seminal vesicles (see Vesiculitis) and testicular appendages (see Epididymitis). Complications of the genitals when trichomoniasis occur much more frequently than in gonorrhea.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of the anamnesis, clinical and laboratory research results.

  • Treatment and prevention of trichomoniasis