fenugreekFenugreek - Trigonella foenum graecum L.
The Legume Family - Fabaceae Lindl.
Relatively low annual plant. The stems in the early development of direct, in the fruiting stage polagaya. Trifoliate leaves of fenugreek few. Sheet size 3,5-3,8 cm long, the share of the plate obratnojajtsevidnye, narrowed to the basis. Stalks or lateral branches omitted.
The flowers are yellow or slightly cream, 1 cm, the length of the Cup of 0.6 see the Fruit is slightly flattened Bob. The seeds are yellow, in the shape of a quadrangular with a clearly visible seam. The number of seeds in a pod depends on its length and ranges from 13 to 17.
Fenugreek is distributed in the Mediterranean, Asia Minor, the Balkans, Central Europe. This ancient culture of India and Egypt. Currently cultivated in Middle Europe, Western Asia, Western China, Mongolia, India. In the USSR as forage plant bred in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Central Asia, Latvia. In the Chui valley grow and bear good fruits. Different short vegetation period.
Fenugreek is included in the I and II Governaciy the USSR, and its seeds in the Pharmacopoeia of eight countries of the world. Its seeds contain steroid compounds.
Aqueous solution of fruits used as an insecticide in Indian medicine as a carminative and tonic. Young shoots and seeds are used for food, as they have spicy-aromatic odor.
Used as green fodder. Is molokoane plant. The literature indicates that the seed and hay from fenugreek used animals for diseases FMD and mycom.