Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy is the use of labour processes as a healing factor. It is widely used in traumatology, orthopedics, neurology to improve the overall tone of the body, for the preparation of a patient to perform his professional activities. Occupational therapy contributes to the early restoration of function of the affected limbs after the injury and after operations. In neurological patients occupational therapy helps to restore speech, the elimination of the residual phenomena after paralysis, paresis, and so on, the Value of occupational therapy is also due consisting in it the elements of creativity and competition.
Physical labor (mostly skeletal muscles) in the open air (working in the garden, a kitchen garden, etc.) should be dosed so that the load falling on the body, has ranged from a low to very high values. Such occupational therapy shown in the initial stages of hypertension, obesity, gout, in the period of recovery from infectious diseases, etc. Especially great benefit occupational therapy brings people engaged in intellectual work, leading a sedentary lifestyle. Labour therapy as a therapeutic activity should be appointed on the basis of individual characteristics, taking into account gender, age, nature of the disease, etc.
To provide local impact of labour therapy appoint mainly lesions of the upper limb, causing the violation movements of the fingers and hands. In such cases, the patient must make finer, not accompanied by a pronounced exercise, but sophisticated and fine movements (knitting, cutting wood, drilling, planing and so on). While labour therapy combined with therapeutic physical training (see). Occupational therapy in psychiatry - see below.
Labour therapy used in combination with treatment of the underlying disease pharmacological and other means.
Labor treatment of the mentally ill is one of the most important methods of treatment and recovery of work capacity. Occupational therapy helps to reduce and compensate for the defects of the mind arising in the course of the disease and increasing in connection with the factor of inactivity, dependent on both peculiarities of mental illness and long staying of patients in hospitals.
The value of occupational therapy at different stages of mental illness varies. In times of existence of severe mental disorders occupational therapy is the individual work in the most simple forms, which shall be used only as part of routine as a type of leisure-time patients. In some cases, occupational therapy in these periods are not applied at all. As the symptoms, the role of occupational therapy. In this period it is already by the method of restoration of working capacity, preparing the patient or continuation of his previous employment, or (in case of loss of the patients ability to work in former profession) serves for preparation for employment in conditions of a special organization under medical supervision. This is the second - stage forms of occupational therapy become more complex and diverse. Individual tasks are replaced by collective, i.e. the patient does now some common tasks. If earlier the labour therapy was carried out almost exclusively in the walls of the hospital, now watch the patients in occupational therapy have the opportunity to work in specially organized at hospitals therapeutic workshops.
Occupational therapy in the conditions of clinic is conducted in specially organized medical-labour workshops, day hospitals, special rooms, dispensaries. The system of organization of work of the mentally ill, associated with the hospital, and with production, is called social rehabilitation (rehabilitation).
Application in the treatment of psychosis psychotropic substances allows to start the application of the occupational therapy before, expand the indications to its application enables to make it more diverse.