Occupational hygiene in agriculture

Agricultural labour has a number of peculiarities. Many works are held in the open air. This undoubtedly has a positive effect on the health of workers. Along with this summer may be overheating of the body and sunstroke (with a bad protecting the head). In the period of spring and autumn works may hypothermia, which causes colds. Some operations (tillage, harrowing) followed by large dust content of air.
In connection with wide application in agriculture pesticides possible contact with chemicals.
Energy costs for agricultural workers, despite mechanization, quite significant. In addition, often the work is accompanied irrational working posture. A significant place in the agricultural labour takes injuries, especially when working on sowing and harvesting machines.
The main hazards in the working conditions for livestock farms is a professional infection. A number of animal diseases, such as anthrax, brucellosis, SAP, and others, can be transmitted to humans.
For some professions (milkmaids, teletec) are also characteristic of the exercise, accompanied often forced body position. Working in barns, calf-house (increased humidity, draughts) contributes to the development of colds, chronic catarrh of the upper respiratory tract. The milkmaids there are sometimes specific occupational disease hands (tendovaginitis, ulnar neuritis and median nerves and others) and specific skin disease called "knots of deelishis". On livestock farms, there is a danger of injury, particularly if you are not careful cars for preparation of forages.
Leading in agricultural production is a profession tractor. When working on the tractor, in addition to the above negative moments are marked forced body position, the possibility of air pollution cabins with exhaust gases, noise and vibration.
The work of priamikov less complex, but it is associated with prolonged static voltage due to the absence of or inefficient devices seat. Precipice are unfavorable meteorological conditions. During plowing in the respiratory area of precipice creates significant dust content in the air, and during the sowing potreblenie seeds in the air can be various chemical substances.
To prevent overheating of the body during the agricultural works it is necessary to arrange the shaded areas for recreation (in the green, covered area), to allow for showering, bathing, water body, free, light clothes, wide-brimmed hat, shipping of fresh drinking water. Process should be started in the early morning hours, and interruptions to arrange during the hottest hours of the day. Cabins of agricultural machinery should be covered with insulating materials. To prevent hypothermia body is required in cold weather to provide employees with warm clothes, rain - waterproof capes or cloaks. In Northern areas should ensure heating, cab tractors and other agricultural machinery exhaust gases. You must provide farmers with hot food and boiling water.
To combat dust content air in the cab satisfied with forced ventilation. For the prevention of air pollution with exhaust gases exhaust pipe output over the cab roof.
Sweepers must have at sites management comfortable seats with a protective umbrella and shelter all nodes of the combine, which is accompanied by considerable pylevydeleniem. For priamikov should be equipped with seat cushion and backrest. Working place must be sheltered from dust, wind, rain. When trailed machines will be replaced mounted, liquidated the profession of precipice. To reduce vibration on the tractor gets the soft seat with armrests and back.
The most efficient preventive measure in animal husbandry is the mechanization of labour-intensive processes. It is also important to improve the microclimate of premises where there are animals, and ventilation equipment.
With the purpose of prevention of occupational infectious diseases in livestock farms should be organized in the sanitary-veterinary control with carrying out of vaccination of livestock, and destruction of corpses of dead animals in accordance with the sanitary rules. Working farms must comply with the rules of personal hygiene (washing hands with soap, the use of disinfectants).
Pesticides used in agriculture for struggle against plant diseases and pests. When working with poisons should comply with the safety regulations stated in special instructions.