Care for mentally ill

Wide use of psychopharmacological agents in psychiatry has changed as the situation in psychiatric departments, and the nature of care for the mentally ill, are hospitalized. Less common are the stuporous state, cases of excitation. Neuroleptic drugs are very effective in relieving the state of excitation of patients. However, some patients excitation not withdrawn immediately and completely, and they need special hygienic care and constant supervision, so that they could not get damaged. These patients it is best to include in the chambers with a small number of patients. Due to the high prevalence of pharmacotherapy in psychiatric hospitals, it is important to monitor physical condition of patients treated with psychotropic drugs, for compliance with the treatment regime.
Special care also need slowed down (state of stupor and somatically weakened patients. Retarded patients, as a rule, refuse to eat, they need compulsory or artificial feeding. In addition, with long-term conditions retardation they like and somatically debilitated patients may experience trophic disorders. In this regard, the special significance of hygiene care and restorative treatment.
In the system of General care and supervision of mentally ill constant attention should be paid to prevent dangerous actions on their part towards staff and other patients, attempts to commit suicide. It should also be borne in mind the possibility of dissimulation (concealment) patients of their tendencies to a dangerous action. In recent years, in many hospitals and departments through a system of open doors.
Taken and other measures can also contribute to eliminating the suspicion and jealousy of patients in relation to psychiatric hospitals: conducting group discussions with patients to help them better adapt to the hospital, the better to understand the necessity of his stay there.
Treatment psychopharmacological agents is long-term and systematic and after the patient's discharge from the hospital. Active treatment and care outside the hospital should promote their social and labour adaptation and rehabilitation. A favorable effect on the mental state of the patient has a job. We need to try as soon as possible to enable the patient to work. Taking into account the mental state of the patient should be defined the nature and conditions of work. Special attention is given to creation of favorable living conditions. If the patient has difficulty in the family, in our relationships with others, we had to help him to overcome these difficulties; to explain to his family and to those who most often communicate with him how to properly treat the patient. With the deterioration of the mental state of the patient observation of him should be strengthened, it is necessary to decide on the nature and conditions of its further treatment.