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Dying and death

In medicine, there is the notion of the so-called "imaginary death"when the vital functions of the body so weak (deep and lasting unconscious, lethargic state, and others)that creates a real impression of a seemingly coming death. While symptoms of heart activity and respiration usual diagnostic methods can not be determined, which can lead to erroneous finding of death. To avoid such errors, the bodies of persons who died in the hospital, send in maternity hospitals usually not earlier than two hours after the time of death, i.e., when the so-called reliable signs of death (early changes corpse).
Numerous legends about the alleged graves mnimonika belong to the category of fiction, as the burial is done not earlier than after one or more days. By this time, early changes of the corpse develop almost completely.
To guide the signs pointing to the death can be attributed: the fixed position of the body, paleness of skin, absence of respiration, pulse and heart rate, lack of sensitivity to pain, heat and olfactory stimuli, the absence of reflexes from the side of the cornea and pupil and a number of others.
Forensic experts to the signs of death, apart from the abovementioned, are reliable symptoms that occur during early changes corpse: the temperature in the rectum 23 C and below, the signs of the partial drying (spot Lerche), cadaveric spots and muscle stiffness, appearing on average 2-4 h after death. One of the valuable signs of the coming death, is a sign Beloglazova (the phenomenon of "cat's eye"), which is that when compressed from the sides of the eyeball the pupil takes the form of a narrow vertical-reaching cracks or oval. This characteristic is observed already after 10-15 minutes after the time of death. While squeezing the eyeball of a living person form pupil does not change.
The main task for the examination of the corpse is to establish the cause of death (article 79 of the code of criminal procedure of the RSFSR). In addition, before medical examiner usually there are numerous specific issues (definition of type of injury, type of instrument, which it is incurred, the mechanism of injury, previous diseases, and so on), the solution of which is necessary for the proper administration of justice.
Forensic classification provides for a category, the kind of death and type, and the establishment of the category and type of death is carried out only by the expert, the definition of the kind of violent death is the competence of the bodies of justice.
There are two categories of death - the death of violent and non-violent.
Violent death occurs as a result of influence on an organism of various environmental factors: mechanical, thermal, chemical, electrical, and other
The nonviolent death occurs due to various diseases. Hidden or subtle flowing disease that does not cause fears for life may lead, under certain conditions, to fast, unexpected surrounding the death, the occurrence of which due surprises are suspicious that the death was caused by the use of any violence.
For the genus of a violent death are murder when the death is caused by the unlawful deprivation of life by one person against another; suicide, when applied intentional deprivation of life for themselves; an accident, when death occurs when sudden circumstances.
For the genus of a nonviolent death is sudden or sudden death. Under the sudden death understand surprise of her coming death from diseases, when signs of apparent health (for example, people went to work and unexpectedly died at the bus stop waiting for a bus). Death can occur on the background of the disease at diagnosis, but any threatening to life signs of the disease could be established, but acute complication or unexpectedly rapid development of the disease caused death (for example, the doctor called to a patient's care at home about a hypertensive crisis, has identified a satisfactory condition of the patient was prescribed appropriate treatment, and two hours later received a message about the occurrence of the death of the patient).