Physical exercises for children and youth

  • Physical activity of children with excess weight
  • The correct posture
  • Basic provisions
  • Complexes of exercises for children with excess weight and bad posture
  • Physical exercises for children and young people are not only effective prevention of obesity, but the main condition of harmonic mental and physical development. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to physical education from an early age.
    In infants it is necessary to stimulate the natural physical activity. We develop indicative search engine traffic babies, giving him toys, caused by the movement of the limbs and turns. In the first six months of life the child learns to hold his head, roll over on his stomach, grabbing the items, to sit, to rely on his feet, prepared to climb. In the following six months, the child is sitting, climbing, rises, some one-year-old children go based on anything or even yourself. By the end of the first year of life he can imitate movements, fulfil the rhythmic motion of the handles under a poem or a song, and some targeted traffic, for example, wear rings on the wand.
    Kids (from one to three years) should be given the opportunity to climb, to overcome low barriers (up to 30 cm), go up and down stairs, play hide and seek (exercise on orientation in space), to throw, to wander, to catch the subject (balls), run in shallow water, tobogganing with adults, do imitative exercises (movement frogs, horses, birds and so on, that make adults at work). It is important that kids age in the mode of the day have enough time physical activity of the child. This is not only a guarantee of normal physical and mental development, but also prevention of obesity. If parents are going to play and run around with your kids, if you train them for daily exercise, they will make their lives much more than if you buy them the most expensive toys and outfits.
    In preschool children (3-6 years) often weak muscles and connective tissue. Therefore, children of this age are in need of targeted motor education. Improvement of physical qualities-an integral part of training in kindergartens, but this is not enough, and so you need at least once a day to work out with children 10-15 minutes and give them as long as you can run and play outdoors. If the parents give the child to physical education, he, as a rule, a desire to work independently.
    I too movable children muscles get tired unevenly, and we need to direct them will step in the right direction by proper exercise (first seriously enough to do 2-3 min). Slow, sedentary children (usually overweight) do not like to exercise. In these cases, you need a solid guidance from adults. To complicate the lesson it gradually.
    The skeleton of small children is still very plastic, the curves of the spine are not clearly defined, so you should choose exercises that help develop the proper posture and growth. Not recommended difficult acrobatic exercises, since muscle kids are underdeveloped and can cause injury, especially of the spine. Careful we must be in the classroom on the rings and the upper house. If the child is hanging, holding on to them by the hands, unwanted way stretch the muscles of the shoulder girdle and efforts to perform the exercises correctly prevent and deep breathing. Under adult supervision and initially using them on such home shells children can perform various coups and tightening.
    Small children at any static work easily fatigued, much earlier than dynamic. So for kids we do not recommend exercises with prolonged static postures, and proposed alternate fast movements with a slow and short breaks.
    Classes begin with a walk (not very fast, slow, socks, on the outer side of the feet, on the heels, fast, squat), and running different types of jumps (with both feet together, feet apart, Bouncing step). Next - walking, running and jumping with images (walking in the woods - easy to set foot, walking through mud - heavy step, steps stork, the flight of birds and butterflies; light Jogging with my hands, running chamois; jumping frog, Bunny, Sparrow, jumps and leaps, as bounce the ball and others). It is best if parents comment on exercises words. Well also do the traffic on a particular topic (a play on the train, can be reached in fairies, to the circus and others) or to imitate various activities (rotation of the wheels, the cultivation of plants, sowing, playing a musical instrument, waving her handkerchief, picking apples, walking on a wire, picking up stones and so on, the Programme of parents with preschool children has developed Ian Berdichova *.
    At school age begin to teach children to swim. Swimming helps the development of proper breathing deep breaths and exhalations and load all muscle groups. With four years of the child can walk on skis. Family walks in festive clothes "by hand" are not conducive to proper physical development, they need to "revive" running, throwing, jumping, climbing, etc.,
    At school physical education is subordinated to the school curriculum. Its objective is the systematic development of basic motor abilities and skills aimed at the improvement of overall physical fitness. Of course, to make a child more practiced at home, participated in various mobile games, especially with the ball, did available sports. Recommended, mainly, swimming and skiing. Skates can start to develop only when the child will strengthen the ankle joint, otherwise his legs bent, compounded EcoObraz the shape of the feet. Biking unfavorable for the development of the pectoral muscles (bent torso, limited breath, repetitive movements of the feet), so we offer to travel only for short distances. The duration of the race must also be set depending on the age and characteristics of the child. On gymnastic apparatus children can perform only some of the exercises. On participation of children and adolescents in competitions and intensive training is necessary to consult with the school doctor.

    * How to build classes parents with preschool children, Ian Berdichova tells in detail in the book, "Mom, dad, go with me" (M, Pas, 1985). - Approx. Ed.