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Economic and moral damage from alcohol and drunkenness

The damage caused by abuse of alcohol to health, at the same time develops into social harm as a drinker lives and works among the people. Socio-economic consequences of alcoholism and alcohol abuse varied. This divorce, road accidents, crimes, economic losses, expenses on medical and social assistance to the patients.
The relationship of alcohol abuse and family conflicts are widely presented in the literature. So, for example, Harby (1960) found that in Australia, 40% of all divorces are associated with alcoholism. According to L. Century Chuiko (1975), 2086 divorce cases brought on the initiative of women, drunkenness and alcoholism men is the main cause of divorce in 47% of cases. The defendants in approximately half of the cases did not agree with the arguments of the wives and considered their drinking random. According to L. C. and L. Anokhina D. Saraevo (1981), alcohol abuse in 10% of cases (according to the answers of men and 17.8% of cases (according to the answers of women) is the cause of divorce in the Ryazan region.
Alcoholism men and directly and indirectly affects the reproductive processes. Thus, according to C. K. Kuznetsova (1970), the average number of abortions in families where the man regularly drink alcohol, 2-27G times more than in prosperous in this regard families. Parental alcoholism is one of the reasons of birth of children with disabilities, increasing child mortality. It is proved that in the families of alcohol abusers, a new conception of offspring often happens in a state of intoxication, children in such families are born feeble, sickly, lag behind in physical and mental development, not learn, soon begin to drink alcoholic beverages, fast psihopatizatsija commit anti-social acts. According to modern researchers, 20-25% of children suffering oligophrenia, parents abuse alcohol .
Huge material damage to society from drinking. It consists of the reduction of productivity, increase of marriage, absenteeism, and so on, Many studies have shown that productivity of labor at the industrial enterprises is significantly lower in the Monday after the holidays and days of salary payment; Selected research carried out gg Zaigraeva (1966) on the number of enterprises show that abusers of alcohol production in the days of salary and of the advance less than usual on 26-30%. According to D. Fortbild (1972) alcohol reduces labour productivity on average 9.6%.
M. Ledermann (1957)who examined 5 thousand professional workers, found that at least 15 - 20% off work per year due to alcohol abuse. The average annual number of absenteeism in Poland for the period from 1961 to 1966 was 160 thousand cases, 15% of them caused by alcohol use. Almost 2% of workers consume alcoholic beverages production.
According to centuries Sheverdina (1973), 80% of infringements of a labour discipline associated with alcohol, 8% of workers are drinking alcohol in the workplace. The situation of impunity, conciliatory attitude to the drunks at the enterprises, in the opinion of the Century.. Glazyrina (1973), lead to the fact that "a significant number of cases of alcoholism is somehow related to production, and many of them take place during working hours". According to B. Levin (1972), about 40% of drunks alcoholic drinks from 15 to 18 hours, i.e. during operation of enterprises and institutions.
It is very difficult to take into account the economic losses incurred by the company due to frequent changes drunkards place of work. Persons suffering from alcoholism, 3 times more likely to change jobs than nealkoholicke. On the basis of drunkenness takes 90% of all absenteeism occurs every twentieth case of injury, every fifth transport accident.
The presence in the team of a significant portion of alcohol abusers, reduces the effect of process control has undesirable psychological pressure on the master, causing it to go on about patterns and relationships in an unsafe team to the detriment of the interests of production and work, as well as harm to his authority among others.
Material losses to society from drinking very significant. The state body, regularly taking into account these losses, no. We can only make some private estimates. Thus, according to Yu M Tkachevskaya (1972), only one year because of the 10 thousand absenteeism of workers on the grounds of drunkenness Maklakovskiy timber industry enterprise in Yeniseysk have neglected the state 17 thousand m3 of lumber. At the Ryazan machine-tool plant absenteeism drunkards cost 123 thousand rubles a year. In the year Gorky in 1971, the loss of working time in the industry amounted to hundreds of thousands of days.