The establishment of neonatal

In obstetrics and micropezidae, on the one hand, and in forensic medicine, on the other, the concept of neonatal embedded different content.
In a General sense, novorozhdennogo can be defined as the initial period of the existence of the child and adapting it to the conditions of extrauterine life. Midwives and micropedia calculate this period of 3-4 weeks. In forensic medicine the neonatal period is considered a short period of time (first-second day after birth), during which the child is still there are signs inherent in the fetus.
Signs of neonatal divided into external (the presence of the umbilical cord, Carovigno grease, blood traces on the skin in the absence of her injuries) and internal (onset swelling, meconium in thick intestines).
From the exterior signs of neonatal most important is the presence of the umbilical cord. Immediately after birth, the umbilical cord is juicy, wet, is jelly-like consistency. Then the umbilical cord starts to dry up, becomes dull and wrinkled, becomes yellow, then brown-black color. By the end of the first day the skin of the abdomen near the navel (umbilical ring) swell up, but the ring itself surrounded by a red border (the demarcation line that separates the umbilical cord to the b-7-th day after birth). On neonatal shows juicy wet umbilical cord without signs of demarcation or with the beginning of it.
The skin of the newborn baby (especially in natural folds) covered Carovigno grease, representing fatty grayish-white mass that resembles ointment. Syrovina grease - product of activity of the sebaceous glands of the skin starting to function from the 5th month of fetal life. As part Carovigno lubrication can distinguish between fat, individual cells of the epidermis, lanugo.
On the intact skin of the newborn baby in some cases it is possible to detect traces of blood from kin ways mother.
When establishing a neonatal should also take into account the color of the skin and its condition. The skin of newborns tender, juicy, has a reddish color that already in the first hours of life begins to fade. By the 3rd day of the icteric skin colour, becomes drier, begins its peeling, continuing 6-7 days.
Generic tumor is one of the most important signs of pregnancy. It is located on predlagay parts of the fetus, is formed during the baby through the pelvic ring and is a serous blood soaking the soft tissues due to local blood circulation disorder. Soaking can be more or less pronounced and gradually move. In the context of the onset swelling appears gelatinous. The onset swelling after birth decreases rapidly in size and fully absorbed by the end of 1-2 days.
If compression of the head of the fetus during labor was strong, and they generations - long, perhaps expressed bleeding in the family tumor under the periosteum of the skull, often parietal bones. In these cases there is a blood tumor (kefalogematoma), resorption which is slower (within 2-4 weeks)than the usual generic tumors.
In thick intestines newborn can discover original cal - meconium, which is a dark green, dark brown buttery mass. In different periods of fetal life, the composition of meconium heterogeneous, therefore, in necessary cases, this can be used to set a period of fetal life.
These signs are the basis for the decision of a question on the newborn baby.