The influence of alcoholism parents on postnatal development of the child

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The inferiority of offspring in patients with alcoholism of parents is not always apparent at birth or within the first months of a child's life. Sometimes deviations are discovered much later - in adolescence or young adulthood.
In recent years the number of children whose parents abuse alcohol, have increased. The study of biological and psychosocial factors of this aspect of the problem of alcoholism, it is urgent and essential. Biological factor (negative effect on the embryo and fetus development) was discussed above. Psychosocial factors include adverse inherent in families of alcoholics situation, under the influence of which is formed personality of the child. This situation is complex and is composed as of the different types of defects of education, and regular family conflicts occurring in the eyes of a child. Especially expressed personal change in those cases where most fully manifested biological and psychosocial factors.
A number of researchers proved that alcoholism fathers contributes to postnatal pathology, namely the backlog development, growth early in the incidence of children and severity of the disease. So, G. N. Pivovarov (1972) when monitoring children and young people from such families found a lag in physical development in 18.9%, and mental - 8,5%. Violations in psychophysical development in chronic alcoholism fathers also noted M. Century Romanova (1977) and I. S. Rehavim (1976). In some children of preschool and younger school age revealed neuroses and neurosis-like States. According to C. D. dulneva (1964), alcoholism fathers stronger impact on the mental development of children. This reveals the dependence of violations of higher mental functions on the severity of alcohol intoxication fathers. However, L. F. Molchanov (1970) found that alcoholism fathers caused a statistically significant increase in the number of children who lag in physical development.
We saw a family With., where father drank alcoholic drinks in large numbers for 16 years. The family had 7 children. All the families of the mother proceeded with various complications. In 3 children was noted congenital deafness, 3 - epileptic seizures, 4 after birth began to decline in the function of the higher nervous activity. In addition, all children 6-8 years has been found hereditary disease, which suffered great-grandfather, great-grandmother and grandmother (and have it showed up after 40 years).
Thus, abuse of father alcohol for a long time led, first, to significant deviations from the side of the Central nervous system in all children, secondly,to the early manifestation available hereditary pathology.
In some works specially emphasized the role of chronic alcoholism fathers in the origin of mental retardation (Prikhodchenko A. A., 1969; Deglin Century Ya, 1975), epilepsy, neuropathies and psychopathic behaviour (Deglin Century Ya, 1975). Borderline mental disorders are seen as a result of adverse micro-social conditions (Shurygin, P., 1978).
Alcoholic same intoxication mothers increases the risk of reduction of body weight, head circumference and lag in physical development in children. Reduced all growth parameters. 1st year of life a child's growth is 65% of normal, and weight - 38%. Marked limb defects, incorrect size of the head, an extraordinary bend on the palms. Children from 14 months to 4.5 years have mobility impairments - tremors, weakness, primitive grasp reflex, poverty gestures, delay of the domination hands. At the age of 7 years in 75% of cases occurred mental retardation.