The influence of alcoholism parents on postnatal development of the child

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A. I. Fisenko (1974) also confirms that the alcoholism of parents has a negative impact on children's mental health. Alcoholism of parents affects the intellectual inferiority of offspring, which quickly in subsequent join and behavioral disorders.
Many researchers believe that in alcoholism of parents in children, the most frequently observed mental retardation and epilepsy (Vodnjanska N. N., Barikova N. G., Etc., Zamaraev, 1974; Dmitriev, Yu M, 1973; Elesheva R. G., Kudyarov, M, 1978), less schizophrenia, borderline forms of mental illness, organic brain damage.
C. N. Ilyin et al. (1978) in a study of children with alcoholism parents, found that the most common borderline mental retardation (64,1%), and mental retardation (62,2%), rarely epilepsy (32,6%), neurosis and psychogenic disorder (27.8%) and schizophrenia (32,6%).
According to N. E. Butorina (1974), A. Tsyrenova (1978), u,17% of children whose parents suffer from alcoholism, there are neuropathy (insomnia, irritability), 56,14%-retarded physical and speech development, 68,42% - neuropsychiatric pathology, 40,35%-border neuropsychiatric pathology, 28,07%-neurosis (enuresis, tick, mutism).
Deviations in the development of children are clearly in a period of schooling. Poor academic performance of children depends on the weakening of memory and attention, and especially the difficulty in memorizing new material. These children most often there is a General asthenia - irritability, fatigue, they complain of a headache, many decreased appetite, and decreased body weight and growth. Often their behavior marked restlessness, disinhibition, dwigatelnoe concern.
Basically since that time clearly appear various patoharakterologicheskih reaction - first of all types of protest and imitation. The children refused to go to school, found aggression against the parents.
Often had conflicts with teachers, tore classes, grossly and cynically treated with classmates. This attitude was fostered by the lack of domestic control. Attempts to "educational" the impact of parents was occasional, speaking mainly in physical punishment, and, as a rule, not been effective.
In connection with discrepancy of mental development learning opportunities in public schools, many children were transferred in the satellite. Often left in public schools duplicated in 2-3 years every class. Further education either in service, and in mainstream schools the peculiarities of the behavior of children remained.
Many children whose parents abuse alcohol identified borderline mental disorders (Shurygin, I., 1978). The number of such children in 5-5,5 times more than those whose parents do not abuse alcohol. Identified boundary condition is clinically characterized by predominantly the initial stage of the different options patoharakterologicheskih personal development. When affective-excitable version had different reactions of active protest (pouring wine from their parents, the requirement of maintenance of the father of the house, and others). First, increased conflict was noted only in the home, and later also in relations with neighbors, school, which led to growing social disadaptation.
When patoharakterologicheskih the formation of a personality in an unstable type mentioned weak-willed delays, the superficiality of the affections and interests, increased suggestibility to wander aimless, lack of labour units. Condemning drunk parents, children and teenagers, they started early drinking, Smoking, were seen in the theft, early sexual relations. All this determined their early social disadaptation.