The effect of alcohol on fetus

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According to P. T. Leszczynski et al. (1979)found that 60% of the surveyed 600 drinking women were installed spontaneous abortion, 22,32% - premature birth, 29,05%-abortion in the later stages, 26,32%-toxicosis, 8,4% - birth freaks and abnormal children, 9,05%-stillbirths, 12% - perinatal death of the fetus. As shown by studies of other authors (Pivovarov, N., 1972; Deglin Century Ya, 1975; Romanova M. Century, Romanov N. C., 1979), 12% awarded perinatal death of the fetus, 22,32%-miscarriages, premature birth, 29,05%- abortion. The percentage of heavy and abnormal labor is 10.5, birth traumas -8, phenomena asphyxia-12,5 born preterm-34,5 and physically impaired-19. Stillbirths registered in 9,06-25,5% of cases, deformities and abnormalities of - 8.4%. A. F. of Artemchuk (1980) found a pathology of pregnancy in 46,5%, childbirth-53.5 percent syndrome block or excitation - in 47.8% of children in the first months after birth and somatic disorders at 79% in the first years of life.
It is known that the person appears in 9 months sooner than is born. The nature of the care provided to this entire period, he was as effectively as possible isolated from harmful environmental influences. Placenta, or a children's place, as a good filter does not pass to him poisonous substances, in addition to nicotine, and alcohol. Alcohol taken during pregnancy, easily penetrates through the placenta and affect the germ, delays the development and deforms it. Mother, abusing alcohol during pregnancy, the developing poisons in her body fetus, as ethyl alcohol and its metabolite acetaldehyde affect the embryo in the period of laying the authorities through the circulatory system, one for the mother and fetus, and also cross the placenta in amniotic fluid. Thus, alcohol can cause severe consequences, facilitating the impact of different harmful factors. In addition, in case of unfavorable situation in the family, when drinking husband, mental injury, emotional experiences pregnant under stress disrupts the biochemical processes in her body and have an adverse impact on the formation of an implicit system of the fetus (Lebedev A. B., 1974).

children with alcohol syndrome Fig. 1. Patients with manifestations of alcohol syndrome.
And - with hydrocephalus,
B - with a cleft lip,
In - with a cleft palate.

In the literature of the recent years a special type of combination birth defects with different physical and mental development of children is described by the various terms: "fetal alcohol syndrome", "alcoholic disease of the fetus", "fetus (fetal) alcoholism", "alcohol embryopathy". The essence is the discrepancy between the growth, development, and body mass fetal age, the presence of various anomalies (Fig. 1): maxillofacial, limbs, body parts, external genital organs, internal organs (heart, intestines, and so on).
For the first time in 1973, Jones et al. described fetal alcohol syndrome in the offspring of women who consumed alcohol during pregnancy ("fetal alcohol", "alcohol embryopathy") and emphasized that the birth of such children is possible only from women, patients with alcoholism and who use alcohol during pregnancy.
According to Vegheli et al. (1981), the main sign alcohol syndrome fetal - fails growth and development of children their age, and a combination of various birth defects with impaired physical and mental development. Defects manifest themselves in the form of craniofacial malformations, anomalies of the limbs, heart, external genital organs, etc. And of violations of the structure of the skull most typical microcephaly, microphthalmia, lengthening of persons with a low forehead, underdevelopment of the chin, a small saddle nose, low-set ears flattening the neck. Often strabismus, ptosis, a large mouth with thin lips.