The effect of alcohol on fetus

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Every 2-3 child with alcohol syndrome fetal have heart defects, and each 2nd - malformations of the reproductive organs (girls hyperplasia of the clitoris, double vaginal, pseudohermaphroditism, boys - cryptorchid testes). Less common are the defects of the diaphragm, the abnormal shape of the chest, hydronephrosis, age spots, multiple hemangiomas of skin, irregular growth of teeth. Are doubling of the urinary tract, hypospadias, excess hair, especially on the forehead, no rear passage, a narrow high sky and others (Majdanski, P., 1975).
Research conducted at the University of Washington showed that 74% of children born from mothers suffering from alcoholism, there are various anomalies of development (extra fingers, folds of skin on the palms, the wrong eyes, congenital heart defects and other).
The most severe manifestation of alcohol syndrome fetal - impaired mental development. Even in the absence of obvious signs of the syndrome children born in the family of alcoholics often suffer from epilepsy, oligophrenia different degree up to idiocy, abnormal development of the visual and auditory analyzer, articulatory apparatus. Serious symptom syndrome are also neuroses, manifested night enuresis, anxiety, fear, tension, stiffness. Children are bellicose, adjustment disorders, poor academic performance, the tendency to vagrancy and delinquency (Shurygin, I., 1978 and others).
Severe mental retardation detected every 3rd patients with this syndrome. The great Russian scientist-geneticist N. K. Koltsov wrote that every drop of vodka, drank parents, adds a drop stupidity in the offspring.
On the autopsy of the dead from alcohol syndrome fetal found severe damage to the Central nervous system in the form of underdevelopment of the code of the big hemispheres, cerebellum, common heterotopia glioznogo cells, combined with occlusive hydrocephalus, absence of vascular plexuses of the ventricles. Some absent corpus callosum, there is atypical location layers of the cells in the cerebral cortex of the brain. There are different heart diseases such as defect, atrial septal, cleft of the ductus arteriosus, underdevelopment or absence of the pulmonary artery.
In some cases the symptoms of the syndrome with age disappear, others appear more. However, most often a mismatch growth age lasts for 5-6 years (Kudrin, A. N., Skakun N. P., 1982).
Research C. C. Ham (1976) confirm that the human fetus is very sensitive to alcohol, so parents-alcoholics children are born with limb hypoplasia, strabismus, brain hernia, lack of cranial roof and brain and other deformities. Parents-alcoholics pass on to their children biological incompatibility, which is expressed in physical and mental disabilities.
A. M. skosyreva et al. (1974) believe that embryotoxic action of ethanol depends on the duration and timing of its introduction. Toxic effects in the period of organogenesis most expressed and manifested the death of the fetus, a violation of its development. Introduction of ethanol in the fetal period does not cause intrauterine death, but leads to a delay in the development of the fetus and placenta, which contributes to abnormalities of the brain, heart and other organs, the violation of the functional state of the liver and blood system of the fetus. Physical development suffers less, as during prolonged action of ethanol include adaptive-compensatory mechanisms maternal and placental.