The effect of alcohol on fetus

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There was a direct correlation between the degree of alcohol abuse by pregnant woman and severity of alcohol syndrome fetal. In the prenatal development is the period when the fetus is most susceptible and sensitive to the effects of alcohol. So, the defects are formed when exposed during embryogenesis. For example, microcephaly caused by the action of ethanol in the period of formation of the skull, that is, on 4-8 weeks of pregnancy, microophthalmia and shortening of eye slits on 4-15 weeks. Within 4-6 weeks alcohol abuse leads to anomalies, craniofacial part of the skeleton, limbs, heart, reproductive organs.
According to Century A. Tabolina et al. (1986), analysis of the literature data on alcohol syndrome destruction of the fetus in the last ten years, the clinical picture can be represented by the following groups of symptoms: pre - and postnatal dystrophy, craniofacial dysmorphia, physical deformities, brain damage, including violations of psychomotor and intellectual development. The main clinical manifestation of alcohol syndrome fetal intrauterine dystrophy (malnutrition). This is because alcohol is taken by the woman during pregnancy, prenatal causes growth retardation of the child the slow ripening neurosecretory substances in the brain. In children over one year of age, born abused alcohol mother, the growth rate and increase body mass respectively 65% and 38% of normal. The full picture of the disease when alcohol syndrome fetal rare, often led by those or other symptoms, so by the severity of clinical manifestations there are mild, moderate and severe, though clear criteria of severity is not installed.
For diagnosis, in addition to the clinical manifestations and the anamnesis of abuse of mother alcohol can have a value of clinical investigation volume of red blood cells. The increase is further evidence of the availability of alcohol syndrome fetal.
It should be noted that at the use of the mother of alcoholic beverages in the period of breast-feeding (to stimulate lactation) can develop so-called breast alcoholism. Because of the immaturity of nerve cells and enhance neuromuscular excitability of the child even small amounts of alcohol cause sometimes severe consequences, poisoning and other reactions on the part of the child's body.
Early diagnosis of alcohol syndrome fetal has medical and social importance. If you suspect the possibility of birth of a handicapped child in women who abuse alcohol, it is necessary to solve the issue of abortion. In the event of timely recovery from addictions to alcohol a woman has a real opportunity to give birth to a healthy child.