The directional influence of nutrition on health indicators

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We have already noted that the nature of power has a marked effect on neurohumoral regulation of metabolism and body functions, on the development of age-related changes, accelerating or slowing them, ultimately determining a particular lifetime. With the active prevention of early aging of the problem of finding a "healthy diet" should be given special attention.
Building the most rational nutrition for the elderly should be based, first, on modern concepts and principles of a balanced diet (A. A. Pokrovski, 1964, 1966, 1974), secondly, on the complex accumulated gerontology information about age-related changes in metabolism and body functions and, thirdly, on a pilot clinical-physiological testing the effect of different diets on the body of an aging person.
However, there are many contradictions in gorodiatichi that hamper the development of a "healthy diet". As rightly points Ploth (1961), before the researcher ultimately open three possible ways: the first is to ignore all the data of literature and not to make any adjustments to the practice of power, the second - to insist on the extreme restrictions in food and third - select from conflicting data in the literature importantly, the direction, which will not cause any doubts, and to use all the best achievements of modern science. We have chosen the third way taking into account the received data about the peculiarities of the actual nutrition of older persons and link them with health outcomes.
In the basis of our "best" diet for older people went above considerations and the main principles of gorodiatichi formulated by academician of AMS of the USSR, Professor A. A. Pokrovsky. The main principles of gorodiatichi A. A. Pokrovski (a) considers: 1) the energy balance of power with the actual power expenditure; 2) antiatherosclerotic orientation food ration; 3) the maximum diversity of supply and balance it on the main indispensable factors feeding; 4) optimum nutrition substances that stimulate the activity of enzyme systems; b) the use of food products and dishes with easy enough enzyme Takemoto. Consider these principles in detail.
There are many theories of aging, each of which has its own treats the causes gradual reduction of the level of metabolism with age. Probably right those authors that bind aging with lower overall adaptive capacity of the body (D. F. Chebotarev, centuries Frolkis,1967; Verzar, 1971).
The reduction in fitness of the body with age should probably link not only with reduced functional ability of organs and systems, but also a significant reduction in the reliability of biochemical adaptation mechanisms (A. A. Pokrovski, 1974). In the aging process (especially early) has an important role to play as a General lowering of metabolic processes, and the imbalance of certain types. The most common symptom of premature aging and energy imbalance that causes overweight, weakening contractility, shortness of breath, etc., In recent years, the various manifestations of the energy imbalance occur much more frequently than before. It is known that systematic overload of nutrients causes differentiated metabolic effects and the degree of gravity caused by the pathology is largely dependent on the individual characteristics of an aging organism (A. A. Pokrovski, 1976). Obesity predisposes to metabolic disorders - diabetes, gout, atherosclerosis and some others, the frequency of symptoms which increases with age and the clinical course is heavier than men of the same age, but with normal or underweight.