The influence of sex hormones on the body of women in different age periods

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In table. 1 and 2 shows the concentrations of sex hormones in the blood serum of women of different age groups (Panchenko N. D., 1986).
Because deep in postmenopausal women in the ovaries almost no follicles, and from hormone-active elements are only stroma cells, the ovaries in this period not produce estrogen, but retain the ability to secrete Androstenedione, which in a large number also produced by the adrenal glands. There is an assumption that after menopause all estrogens are formed of androgens in peripheral tissues. The hypoestrogenia and relative hyperandrogenism manifested, among progressive malnutrition genitals, some "Augustinian" appearance women: marked growth of hair on the male type, low voice, blackheads on the face and chest. However, unlike patients with viriliziruyuschim tumors these men signs in women in menopause occur gradually and moderately expressed.
From the above it follows that in different age periods of life of sex hormones have a different effect on the body, and this is due not only age hormonal homeostasis, but the state of hormone-dependent bodies.
In the period of childhood is produced by a small number of gonadotropins and estrogen. The child's body and the sexual system , the girls do not respond to hormones.
In prepubertal and pubertal period the number of hormones secreted by the pituitary gland and the ovaries, increases and they cause the formation of women's phenotype. Hormone-dependent bodies develop to maturity.
In the reproductive period under the influence of sex hormones happen all the processes that enable pregnancy, its development, normal delivery and the normal course of postpartum, lactation, restoration of menstrual function.
Menopausal age hormonal homeostasis:
a) ensures the adaptation to the transition from to reproductive climacteric period and physiological during menopause;
b) when quickly coming hormonal deficiency of ovarian hormones causes the development of the climacteric syndrome;
C) in case of excessive secretion of estrogen and increased sensitivity to him receptor promotes the development of hyperplastic processes in hormone-dependent bodies.
Sex hormones also affect the function of various organs and systems of the body: when hypoestrogyny (not age-appropriate) develop osteoporosis, hormonal cardiopathy, depression, KS, senile psychoses; if hyperestrogenemia - hyperplastic processes and tumor gormonalnozawisimae bodies.