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Internal investigation of a corpse

Full forensic medical study of the corpse provides for the obligatory opening of not less than three cavities - chest, and abdominal cavity of the skull. Also, be sure to explore the mouth, tissues and organs of the neck muscles, bones. If necessary, investigate the spinal canal, paranasal sinuses skull, large joints.
There are several methods mortem. Depending on the specific conditions the expert has the right to elect a way that ensures the completeness and quality of research.
Very important for forensic medical study of the corpse to keep the sequence of actions. When choosing a cavity with which to begin an internal analysis should be guided by external examination of the data and information obtained in reading the circumstances of death. If it is damaged study, as a rule, it is advisable to begin with the oral or part of the body where it is located.
The main incision of the skin for opening the chest and abdominal cavity produce from the chin to the pubis (over the navel to the left). Used for this purpose rib knife held horizontally so that the cut was made by his abdomen. An incision is performed continuous movement, it must penetrate the skin, subcutaneous tissue, reaching into the chest of the sternum, and abdominal muscles. Wounds, scars, traces of surgical operations should be avoided. It's preferable to use the T-shaped, so-called vorotnikovsky cut that goes under the collarbones (from one shoulder to the other), and from the middle of this cut - down to the pubic area with the subsequent separation (without middle section) of the skin of the neck.
After conducting a skin incision open the abdominal cavity. Skin-muscle flap on the chest after opening the abdominal cavity usepreview in both directions so that was exposed ribs. Direct abdominal muscles above or below the navel cut in the transverse direction, which expands the access into the abdominal cavity. It examined sequentially from top to bottom. In that case, tumors, foreign overlays and others celebrate their location, sizes, form, character of the wound channels and other Pay attention to the existence, nature and smell effusion, visiting the small pelvis. On the corpses of women pay attention to the condition of the uterus and appendages. Check the level of standing of the domes of the aperture relative to the edges. If earlier on the organs of abdominal cavity was performed operation, then carefully examine the operational field. Describe the number, the exact location and condition imposed seams.
After the inspection of the abdominal cavity cross Sterno-clavicle joints and cartilage departments of the ribs. By removing the sternum offers broad access into the chest cavity. The authorities inspected in place, then remove from the corpse and for further study placed on preparotary table.
There is a different procedure for the investigation bodies. You can study their systems, first opening the heart and blood vessels, then the respiratory, digestive and other Applied also to the study of organochemical on "location" is the first open the organs located in the dorsal part, and then placed in front. The most convenient is the division of organochemical in his study on the oral cavity organs and neck, thoracic cavity and the abdominal organs.
For investigation of the oral cavity organs and neck highly desirable, except the tongue, tonsils, thyroid gland, explore the internal jugular vein, common carotid artery, wandering and phrenic nerves and sympathetic trunks. In injuries to the neck, these studies are mandatory.
Study of heart begin to measure it to showdown. Thus determine the overall length, width, thickness and weight of the heart. Coronary artery useful to investigate how to longitudinal and transverse sections that. allows you to get a complete picture of the nature of coronary lesions, the presence or absence on the inside of the arteries of the elements of atherosclerotic lesions, narrow clearance, etc. After opening the heart cavity it is necessary to investigate the state of the valves and valves, to measure the perimeter of the valve hole, describe the nature of the papillary muscle and tendon threads, as well as the heart muscles in different departments.
In the study of the organs of the digestive system is essential in all cases to describe in detail the contents of the stomach and intestines.
After the incision and examination of the soft tissue of the skull, cutting and separating the bones of the skull are studying the brain, paying attention to Dura, the volume of its vessels and sinuses, and also on the state of the soft meninges. Examine the arteries of the base of the brain, the cerebral cortex, the internal capsule, the lateral ventricles, Amonov horn, pituitary and pineal gland. Upon removal of the Dura visiting the base of the skull, if necessary, open the paranasal sinuses.