Fetal death

Fetal death (synonym antenatal death - the death of the fetus at different terms of pregnancy, in some cases with more or less long delay it in the uterine cavity. The main reasons of fetal deaths are infectious diseases pregnant, parasites and toxins are transferred through the placenta (typhoid fever, sepsis), and toxicosis of pregnancy, especially nephropathy and eclampsia. To intrauterine death can lead uncompensated heart disease, nephritis, leukemia, anemia, Hypo - and avitaminosis, poisoning (lead, phosphorus, mercury), chronic intoxication (alcohol), injury pregnant and other common cause fetal death is rhesus incompatibility between the blood of the mother and fetus. Predisposing moments are diseases of the uterus (endometritis, tumors), hypoplasia and the correct position of the uterus, multiple births, previa and premature detachment of the placenta, short or long umbilical cord, multi - and water scarcity.
Symptoms of intrauterine death following. 1. The cessation of the heartbeat and movements of the fetus. 2. The mismatch between the size of the uterus pregnancy. 3. Changes in bone skeleton of the fetus, radiographically detected. 4. Nausea, vomiting second half of pregnancy, reduce tension mammary glands pregnant.
If delivery does not occur immediately after the death of the fetus, more often they happen in 2-3 weeks, sometimes at a later date. When the vaginal douching occurs decomposition of the fetus (maceration), drying (mummification), sometimes calcification (see Lithopaedion), and the penetration of the infection putrid decomposition of the fetus.
In the case of fetal death pregnant placed in a hospital, where at the discretion of the physician shall stimulation generic activities.
Urgent surgical treatment is indicated with a strong uterine bleeding.
Prevention of fetal death - timely detection and treatment of infectious diseases and toxicosis of pregnancy, nutrition with sufficient vitamins and proper organization of labour pregnant.