Means and forms of physical education in the special medical groups

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Physical education facilities in the special medical groups is dosed physical exercises, as well as natural factors of nature and the rational, hygienically reasonable mode, provide healing effect on the body, excluding the formation of bad habits. Main means are physical exercises.
In practice apply physical exercises that cause valid, the appropriate functional capabilities of the organism reactions of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Load strictly supervise and regulate. In the initial period of sessions using exercises low intensity, increases the heart rate is 25-30% from baseline. Subsequently include dose load average intensity, increasing the heart rate by 40-45%, and high-intensity exercise (if enough adaptation of organism to physical activity), increasing the heart rate by 70-80%. Submaximal and maximal physical activity in the classroom with the students of the special medical groups is not used.
The basis of the training process is the use of endurance exercises, which have the most beneficial effect on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
Exercises for strength and quickness include classes at first gently, then, as far as adaptation involved to exercise, proceed to the training and these qualities.
Useful exercises with objects (gymnastic sticks, balls, clubs, etc), because they increase the emotional intensity of classes, making them more interesting.
In practice use metered running. First, it is used in the form of light jog at a slow pace and then gradually increase the load by increasing the length overcome the distance (but not by accelerating running). This methodological technique facilitates the education of endurance and does not allow to cross the border separating aerobic activity against anaerobic. At the first signs of fatigue must be translated by the student to the walk.
Feature classes in the special medical groups is a large number of special exercises, directed affecting individual weakened body systems.
In classes with special medical groups use exercises of different sports. The advantage of these exercises is its practical importance.
In the studies included exercises on gymnastic apparatus (mixed vises a low bar, on the rings), dance of the exercise, the long jump and height with short run, the skiing is moderate areas up to 1 - 1,5 km, sports games. Then gymnastic exercises become more complex, more widely used elements of sports games, distance of transportation to ski the moderate terrain extends up to 2-3 km, it is throwing balls and pomegranate weight 250-500 g, pushing printed ball weight 2-3 kg
In the special medical groups is recommended lessons of mixed type, because the variety of tools and their alternation increase the interest in the lessons, give them emotional and prevent the appearance of fatigue. Using different methods of performing of exercises (group, line and pie), gradually increase the density of classes up to 50-70%.
The scheme of the lesson is not different from common, it consists of three parts: introduction, main and final. The content and duration of the parts of the lesson are some features: introduction lasts up to 20 minutes and consists mainly of General developmental exercises performed in the middle and a slow pace; the main part of the training, only one type of movement, widely used mobile games moderate intensity or items of sports games, are applied special exercises, the nature of which depends on the disease; the final part lasts approximately 5-7 minutes and contains slow walking, breathing exercises, exercises on good posture, muscle relaxation and attention.