Medical specialist with completed higher medical education (other than dentists who may have medical education). Soviet doctor carries out jointly with the average medical personnel of the tasks set before the Soviet health Communist party and the Soviet state. The duties of the Soviet doctor consist in the provision of free qualified medical care to the population, carrying out of preventive actions on combating morbidity and mortality. The doctor is obliged to render immediate help to the patient, not later than 24 hours to inform the relevant institutions about each case of infectious, occupational diseases, poisoning, participate in examination of persons summoned to the Soviet Army, to produce a forensic medical examination. The activity of Soviet doctors, unselfishly providing medical assistance to the sick, is fundamentally different from the activities of doctors capitalist countries, a significant part of which is engaged in private practice, by charging patients a fee for treatment.
Rights and duties of physicians in the USSR regulated Soviet legislation, according to which the physician has the right to use all authorized in the established order, methods and means of diagnostics and treatment, to provide leave for temporary disability, pregnancy and childbirth, and other Physician has the right to produce, with the consent of the patient (and for young children with parental consent) all of surgical intervention, to use hypnosisto apply anesthesia, anesthesia, vaccines, serums and other means. Persons without the title of doctor engaged in medical practice, be brought to criminal responsibility.
Approved by the Supreme Council of the USSR in December 1969, "Fundamentals of legislation of the USSR and Union republics on health care include the oath doctor of the Soviet Union at the end of they higher medical educational institutions of the USSR. The law obliges doctors and other medical staff not to disclose information about the disease, intimate and family life of the patient, except in cases when this is required by the interests of public health or at the request of the investigative and judicial authorities. In these cases, managers of health care institutions are obliged to provide information about the disease citizens to the relevant authorities. For failure without good cause to help the patient, if this could have led to grave consequences for the life and health of the patient, Century can be brought to justice.
USSR - the country with the highest number of doctors in comparison with other countries of the world (see Health).
The doctor is a specialist in any narrow medical profession therapist, surgeon, ophthalmologist, etc. Doctor constantly improving their knowledge in the process of practical activity, and in the institutes of advanced training of physicians, training courses.
The direct assistant of the doctor is the average health worker (see). In 1969 on each doctor had on average in the USSR more than three medical workers with secondary medical education - medical assistants, nurses, midwives, laboratory technicians and others In the USSR nurse have ample opportunity to continue their education in medical school and to receive the title of doctor. In many medical institutes have evening schools that trained medical assistants, nurses, without interruption of production (see Medical education).
Cm. also medical Ethics.