Introduction (1 lesson)

A lesson on the subject of anatomy, physiology and hygiene of man"

The task of the lessonto give students an idea about the science of anatomy, physiology and hygiene of man; to prove the necessity of knowledge of your own body; to arouse their interest for the new school subject.
Equipment. Demonstration material: portraits of I. M. Sechenov, I. P. Pavlov; books recommended for home reading about the issues under study: Children's encyclopedia, ed. 2, ie 7. "Person"; B. Mogilev. Youth Sechenov. M., Detgiz, 1967; Y. P. Frolov. The great physiologist I. P. Pavlov. M., Detgiz, 1950; M. D. Krylov. In the country of the Invisibles. M., Medgiz, 1963.
The rest of the book, the teacher encourages the children gradually as you progress through the lists and their posts in the Cabinet under the heading "Read".

Lesson plan

1. Study of new material. Tasks of anatomy, physiology and hygiene of man; the relationship between them. The conversation.
The necessity of studying of the human body to maintain health, health, life-extending and developing the right of the scientific worldview. The success of anatomy, physiology, medicine and other related Sciences. The teacher talks and demonstration of portraits of scientists.
2. Acquaintance with the textbook and the requirements of the teacher. View tutorial. The message of the teacher.

Teaching a lesson

At the beginning of the lesson the teacher in the conversation with the students finds out that they studied in the V-VII classes on the lessons of botany and Zoology, why this knowledge is necessary, and then reports that in eighth grade, they will study the structure and functions (work) of the human body, called the science dealing with these issues. He continues, why do we need this knowledge to every person: having examined your body, people will be able to create the best conditions for work and rest, to have the correct and good posture, healthy heart and lungs, good vision and hearing, to be strong, healthy and functional.
The latter issues are handled science hygiene. Students find its definition in the textbook. Specific examples Yasnaya why anatomy, physiology and hygiene are studied together and unite in one academic subject. Students lead until examples of Zoology and draw conclusions: it is impossible to understand the work of the lungs, rabbit, not knowing their structure; and, conversely, knowing the structure of the heart birds, we are more aware of his job, or function, and so on, Without knowledge of anatomy to the Physiology of man will not be able to create better conditions for growth and development.
After the conversation, the teacher goes to the story about the development of these Sciences; dwells on the history of the study of the human body; indicates that the need for this study arose from the need to treat the sick and wounded, that anatomy and physiology has evolved in a constant struggle with religion, which was forbidden to open the corpses of people and explore the location and structure of the bodies. In his story he drew attention to the work of the Russian physiologists I. M. Sechenov, I. P. Pavlov, who studied the function of the nervous system, muscular, circulatory, digestive and other systems of the body in animal frogs and dogs, and then in clinics - on ill people and made great progress, about which we will speak later. While religion says that the disease was sent by God as a punishment and that people should meekly endure, scientists discovered the cause of many dangerous diseases and found means to fight them.
The teacher briefly tells about the achievements of physiology, medicine and other Sciences, points to the prolongation of human life, to reduce child mortality, to defeat malaria. To illustrate, it is desirable to read the story from the book of M. D. Krylova "Battle in Colchis", page 80.
You can tell about application of Cybernetics in medicine, the use of artificial apparatus, which enriches the blood with oxygen during surgery on the heart (AIC), about artificial kidney and other organs are transplanted into the body to replace diseased organs, and finally - about the achievements of Soviet scientists in the development of methods for recovery of the body, located on the border of life and death.
At the end of the lesson the teacher introduces the tutorial, draws their attention to self-assessment and requiring considerations on job samanaleya, drawings and color tables, and communicates its requirements to keep notebooks. In conclusion, the students prepare a notebook on this subject.
Your home task: article textbook "Introduction".