The x-ray room

Depending on the nature of the work produced in the x-ray room, and type installed in them x-ray units are distinguished x-ray, fluorography and rentgenoterapevticheskie x-ray rooms. Several x-ray rooms for various purposes (x-ray, radiography, tomography, angiography and other diagnostic tests) or more x-ray rooms, meant for different kinds rentgenoterapevticheskie procedures, and various other combinations of x-ray offices, functioning in one medical institution, form x (x-ray) branch. In Fig. 4, 5 and 6 present the plans of the most common types of x-ray rooms.

plan x-ray Cabinet
Fig. 4. Plan x-ray study with darkroom: I - treatment; II - the control room; III - photo lab. 1 - x-ray diagnostic apparatus; 2 - tripod for images; 3 - a table for pictures and horizontal tomography; 4 - hour for pictures and vertical tomography; 5 - transformer high voltage; 6 - protective screen of a doctor; 7 - the doctor's Desk; 8 - cabins for undressing; 9 - couch; 10 - control panel; 11 - inspection window; 12 - the doctor's Desk; 13 - wardrobe; 14 - tambour; 1S - dry table; 16 - tanks for processing of x-ray; 17 - tank for washing images; 18 - table for processing images cuvettes; 19 - drying Cabinet; 20 - bathroom; 21 - washbasin.
the plan rentgenoterapevticheskie office
Fig. 5. The plan rentgenoterapevticheskie Cabinet: I - room control; II - procedural. 1 - bed for the patient; 2 - rentgenoterapevticheskie apparatus; 3 - security door; 4 - inspection window; 5 - control panel; 6 - the doctor's Desk.
the plan fluorographic office
Fig. 6. The plan fluorographic study: 1 - the waiting room of an and reception Desk; II-changing room; III - procedural. 1 - the receptionist's Desk; 2 - bench; 3 - designated undressing; 4 - x-ray unit; 5 - control panel; 6 - protective screen; 7 - photofluorograph.

"Rules for design and operation" and provides for certain mandatory requirements for the premises x-ray rooms, including norms of space premises depending on their purpose (table), the width and height of individual rooms, the width and height of the doors leading into a separate room, methods of harvesting, as well as requirements for ventilation, heating, lighting and alarm system in x-ray rooms, engineering electrical safety and radioprotection protection.
Norms floor space x-ray rooms (m3)

Name of premises The type of the Cabinet
x-ray diagnostic x-ray therapeutic
Treatment for therapy:
with a stationary irradiation
for mobile irradiation
diagnostic apparatus for centering
Procedural diagnostic centre:
when there are common tripod for pictures and scanning
if there are 2 tripods
if there 3-4 tripods
if there are two devices
Procedural fluorographic study
Cloakroom fluorographic study
Reception Desk and a waiting room of an x-ray Cabinet
Treatment for dental images
Treatment for close-focus therapy with the apparatus of up to 100 kV
Room control therapeutic (or diagnostic) apparatus
Doctor's office
Cabins for undressing
Cabins with daybed
The waiting room of an x-ray room

-
-
-


24-34*
36-42*
50
50
20
30

40
6

-

10
10
1,2
2,5

24
30
40


-
-
-
-
-
-

-
-

18-24*

10
10
-
-
On norms of General hospital
* Large standards for newly constructed offices

When organizing a photo store and archive storage radiographs should be guided by the Rules of the device and operation" x-ray rooms, paying particular attention to measures of fire safety.
In addition to the above norms of space to the premises of x-ray offices must meet the following additional requirements. Height treatment should be not less than 3 m, and the width not less than 4 m (with the exception of treatment for images of teeth). In the area of treatment are not included: cab for undressing patients, cockpit area with daybed for the inspection of patients, as well as the area of a bathroom in the rooms for studies of the gastrointestinal tract. These special rooms or rooms adapted for gastrointestinal studies must have a separate bathroom, adjacent to the premises of the treatment. The doors of x-ray offices should have a width of not less than 0.9 m in height of at least 2 M. the Floors should be wood for concrete or covered with linoleum.