Juvenile studies

Recently the problem of longevity was enriched by a new direction of scientific research - juvenile studies. This word dates back to Ancient Rome, to the reign of the Emperor Nero. He introduced the annual holidays " Yuvenalii dedicated to the goddess of youth the Yuventa. The celebration was held in the atmosphere of the bright, revelry. They gathered all the Roman youth.
Soviet physiologist M. M. Vilenchik in his book "Biological basis of aging and longevity" writes: "we see the birth of the new science. Perhaps, the most exact name it - juvenile studies. Juvenile studies means learning how to save and return of youth."
Enthusiast juvenology doctor of medical Sciences, L. M. Suharevsky theoretically justified the necessity of research in this direction. He outlined the real path of practical work of the organized Public Institute of juvenology.
Yet, where the source "save" youth? How to live? Indulging whether passions or silently looking at "vanity of vanities, actively intervening in the lives or just watching her?
Recall, for example, Voltaire. He has written novels, drama, parody, satire, historical and philosophical treatises. You can imagine restless, in the endless excitement, deep mental activity of Voltaire. His attention was achieved by crowds of fans, envious wove cunning traps enemies openly blasphemed his books... But, it seemed, all troubles of life passed by the great philosopher. The main thing - work, search for the truth, and the enemies, envious - empty... He sleeps little, wrote day and night, as if speaking of death: "wait, please!"
Thus, it is clear that work, creativity create a positive emotional state, preserve youth.
Interesting data on this account gives in his book "the Praise of old age" of the famous Soviet gerontologist A. Rubakin. For example, he notes that the greatest scientists and writers - Newton, Edison, Goethe, L. Tolstoy, Michurin, Tsiolkovsky died at the age from 78 to 87 years of age, and the genius did not leave them until the last years of life.
The English philosopher T. Hobbes wrote his "History of the revolutionary years" at the age of 80. Leonardo da Vinci created the famous "Mona Lisa" at the age of 67. Opera Falstaff, full of life, humour and splendour,- creation of the 80-year-old composer Verdi; at the same age as French composer Ober wrote his "Dream of love". The American scholar and writer William Dubois, who died at the age of 96, until the very last days of his life was engaged in art and participating in political activities.

Famous Russian microbiologist S. N. Vinogradsky died at the age of 97. And shortly before his death rules the proofs of his new book. And I. P. Pavlov died at 87 years of pneumonia. He worked until the last day of his life, and his head was clear, and creative genius was at the same level as in youth. By the way, after the death of I. P. Pavlov, the Commission of the largest pathologists concluded that, "despite his advanced age of the deceased, brain academician Pavlov found no visible anatomical signs of senile atrophy, as well as pathological changes, except phenomena hyperemia and edema, developed in agony on the grounds of acute influenza disease".
One can cite such examples, where the longevity was like a family tradition, handed down from one generation to another.
Here's family Stasovich. The father, a Russian architect W. P. Stasov, died at 79 years old; the oldest son, the famous Russian critic, historian and public figure, centuries Stasov lived for 82 years. The younger son, D. C. Stasov, died at 90 years of age. Daughter, N. Century Stasov, activist of the Russian women's movement, lived 73 years. Granddaughter, E. D. Stasova, member of the CPSU since 1898, Hero of Socialist Labor, died at the age of 93.
Now let's turn to our times.
Today the question is: should not simply explore issues of longevity, and to do so now, in these days, life is not clouded frail old age. Not accidentally, in 1973, established the international Association of artificial increase of the species life span of people. This Association have appealed to scientists around the world that says, "Now is the turning point in the minds of the people and the history of mankind, opening the prospect of a radical, tens, and further hundreds of years, increasing the life expectancy of people. Now finally gained an understanding of the principal opportunities and reality quickly create artificial radical distancing natural species onset of old age and death in those who have not yet reached old age and creation of means of rejuvenating the already aged people."
Especially wide response found this appeal in our country. And this is quite natural, because only socialism opened the way to a really broad reforms in all fields of national health. Although juvenile studies - science relatively young, it is given all-round attention. Problems juvenology we have many research organizations.
As already stated above, in Moscow there is a Public Institute juvenology. Here biologists are studying the mechanisms of aging, genetics methods of liquidation of hereditary diseases, psychologists and Cybernetics are working on the possibility of raising the intellectual potential of personality.
Problems before the juvenile studies worth a lot, and among them one of the main propaganda of healthy lifestyle. This will be discussed in subsequent chapters of the book.