Behind the monastery walls

It means that schools existed in monasteries...
Defenders of the Church has always stressed that the monasteries revived the medieval science, they gave impetus to the further development of the spiritual life of society. Let's see what it actually was.
About 530, Benedict Norilski founded near Naples monastery Montecassino. In Western Europe, he was the first, but the idea and practice of removal from the world in order to fulfill religious duty existed in the life of the pagan East. Benedict Norilski United for a common life a crowd of people tend to monasticism, have affixed their discipline and founded a monastic organization - the order, for example, in medieval Europe there was still a lot of such orders, each with its Charter. The order of the Benedictines, who received the name of its founder, now the oldest in Italy.
Becoming the biggest land owner, he always supported the policy of the head of the Church and his claims to domination in Europe. But the matter is not in it. One of the duties of the monks became correspondence and manuscripts - work hard, exhausting, and sometimes meaningless to the man who did it, not understanding the meaning rewritten, but thanks to this work doubly pleasing to God.
Indeed, the monasteries of the credit belongs to preserve from total destruction (and by the grace of the Church, too) separate scrolls of ancient manuscripts. They survived over the wall of the monastery, but was kept there for the seven seals, no one knows and is not needed.
On a dark medieval sky as fast comet, flashed life Boetie. The representative of the ancient Roman kind, he held senior posts at the court of Emperor Theodoric and in the season favor of the monarch had to translate from Greek to Latin some works of Aristotle, Euclid, "Arithmetic" Nicomakhos. "Rome took them in their native language by your intercession," praised scientist Emperor. But soon Boethius had provoked his Lord that undertook the defense of the oppressed. Speaking in the Senate, he dared publicly to declare that the stones cry out about the groans of the people...
The Emperor's cool dealt with the recent favorite. Boetie threw him in prison. Angry Theodoric ordered the execution of the scientist. It was in 524 year.
Promising proceedings of Boetie ended in the beginning, and literary gathering as translation activity most educated monks, again for a long time ceased. We can talk about them from the X-XII centuries. History has preserved for us the name of the monk Bartaria of Montecassino, who collected from the works of ancient writers two volumes of medical prescriptions. These extracts were popular among the monks, who discovered the propensity to practice medicine.
Often behind the monastery walls was growing a vegetable garden with herbs, which was treated not only infected brethren, but also for the local people. Nevertheless, the monastery of medicine has no prospects for development. Why? To answer this question will help us record the bylaws of one of the monasteries: "Doctors, clerks and other monastic wizard should, if they instructs the Abbe, with full humility and reverence to do with his skill. If some of them are arrogant knowledge of his skill, imagines that he brings some benefit to the monastery, so contemptible eliminated from the practice of his skill until you accept".
The need for scientific works of the Church is equated to pride - quality, particularly hateful religious teaching. The first place in the life of a monk - the service of God, and not devotion to science. Therefore the Church of Lord psocoptera treated studying and translation of medical works of antiquity. In the year 1200 by the special decision of the monks were forbidden to read scientific literature. Then followed the decree of Pope Alexander III, who cut off the monks all the way to the study of medicine.
Further years has exacerbated the conflict. IVth Lateran Council forbade the clergy of all ranks to perform surgery.
In 1243, the leaders of the Dominican order forbade the monks keep a book on this branch of knowledge... In the end, every part of clerics in the study of medicine is stopped.