Pages: 1 2

Morbidity with temporary incapacity of work, abuse alcohol

One of the important indicators characterizing the state of health, is the morbidity with temporary disability. According to V. Marsch (1971), temporary disability in the United States "drinkers" 4 times longer than the "who", but alcoholism is the fourth-leading cause of disability. For reasons connected with alcoholism, society loses about 30 million working days a year. The incidence of disability for more than a week alcoholism in 2 times above, than nondrinkers, according to the statistics of the telephone company "bell" in the USA.
A direct relationship temporary disability from alcohol indicates K. A. Kamenkov (1967), stressing that the subgroup of "binge drinking" has a relatively high incidence rates in relation to "drinkers rarely". This subgroup has the lowest "health index".
F. X. singer and I. I. Yasinsky (1969) notice that among nebolisa miners, do not drink alcoholic beverages was 12%, and among the often ill - only 6.9%. In individuals, not to drink alcohol, less frequent diseases of the respiratory, ear, throat, nose, injuries. Many registered about diseases of digestive apparatus (chronic gastritis, ulcerative disease of the stomach), and stated that alcohol they consume, in the past, drank a lot.
In the work of K. A. Otdelnoy (1969), is devoted to the study of the health status of long and often ill at the factory "Red proletarian", as well as in the work of B. N. Vovk (1972), who studied the incidence of working Central mining and processing plant of Krivoy Rog iron ore basin, the relation between the frequency of alcohol consumption and the number of persons or share of the group's long and often ill.
N. I. Gavrilov et al. (1969) noted a significant impact on health and, in particular, on morbidity with temporary disability of such social factors as alcohol abuse. According to their data, the incidence of temporary disability is almost 2 times higher among workers who use alcohol regularly and for long hours, than don't use it to persons of the same production and technical professions. Similar results were obtained Century, Antropovo (1969), who studied morbidity with temporary incapacity of work Sverdlovsk instrumental plant. According to the Semenovsky Cousin (1971), among men - staff workers of machine-builders of Khabarovsk, often consumed alcohol cases of diseases and accidents are recorded in 2 times more compared to the moderate use of alcohol workers.
Held at the Yaroslavl tire plant research revealed the important role of duration and frequency of alcohol use in the emergence of a pathology of the digestive, respiratory and cardiovascular system, and there is a clear dependence of the incidence of frequency of alcohol use [stockings P. A., 1972]. To a similar conclusion comes L. Century Anokhin (1970, 1976), who studied the influence of non-productive factors on morbidity with temporary incapacity of work of the Voronezh synthetic rubber plant.
M. Century Maljkovic (1973) on the example of the workers of the Minsk automobile plant found that workers with alcohol, lose the ability to work more frequently in cases of 14.1% and in days of incapacity of 12.4% compared to consume alcohol in moderation.
Data B. N. Serbina (1973) suggest that morbidity with temporary disability, as well as the incidence of neuropsychiatric and gastrointestinal diseases were significantly higher in individuals who consume a lot of alcohol than those who do not use it.
Held O. P. Checagou (1974) study of morbidity with temporary disability on the group of workers who abuse alcohol, have allowed to reveal in it a number of peculiarities in connection with some socio-hygienic conditions. One of the features of morbidity with temporary disability (as total incidence) of the examined contingent was frequent injuries (23,4 case and 347,3 day of incapacity for work per 100 workers), which takes the second place (after colds) in the structure of morbidity in the number of cases and days of incapacity. About 70% of all injuries received in the home. The average duration of one case of domestic injuries (15.7 per day) than manufacturing (12.8 per day). This indicates greater burden of domestic injuries. The third place in the number of cases took diseases of peripheral nervous system (11.7 per 100 employees), the fourth - diseases of heart and vessels (9,8 per 100 workers).