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Diseases of endocrine system

Actually diseases of the endocrine system in athletes can not be attributed to the topical issues of sports medicine. At the same time, this Chapter is included in the monograph is devoted to the diseases in sports, on good grounds. The fact that modern sport is associated with effects on the body increasing both physical and emotional stress. The implementation of such loads is possible through the strengthening of health by improving the process of adaptation, aimed at maintaining a constant internal environment. This process is implemented through a specific private homeostatic reactions and General nonspecific adaptable reactions.
The implementation of all components of General adaptation, namely mobilization of energy and plastic body reserves, is the outcome of a complex interaction of various functional systems. The decisive role in mobilizing the energy reserves of the organism is of sympathetic-adrenal system using hormonal (adrenaline) and mediator (noradrenaline) mechanisms. Mobilization of plastic reserves of the body is a function of the pituitary-adrenocortical system and is creating a Fund of amino acids for plastic security functions, i.e., adaptive protein synthesis.
However, the difficulties of determining the main features of the functional state of hormonal regulation in athletes are not only in the complexity of its organization, but in the heterogeneity of the object of study - athletes.
First of all the fact that the sports exercises aimed at priority development of individual physical characteristics (speed, endurance, strength, or a combination of (), require (and define) very specific hormonal mechanisms that ensure effective exercise of this direction. Secondly, the final effect of hormonal regulation of functions is implemented not through one hormone, or the mediator, and the interaction of the whole of their ensemble. Finally, special attention should be paid to the personality of the character and intensity of emotional background against which the performance of physical exercises. Such a background, ultimately, is determined by the reaction of cerebral napochechnikov layer in the form of emission in blood of adrenaline. As it was established, the concept of amelogenesis different situations in sports require substantial refinement. So, it turned out that for athletes with a little experience practice, and especially for beginners, basic training is a source of intense emotions. However, this circumstance when studying the various parties of hormonal regulation functions in sports activities is not taken into account, and emotions in sports are associated exclusively with the competition. The arising contradictions in interpretation of the mechanisms of hormonal regulation of adaptation to the sports activities of various kinds and differences in the assessment of hormonal shifts have another source. He is that not considered distinct differences existing between emergency and long-term hormonal adaptation.
However, despite the complexity characteristics hormonal mechanisms of adaptation to muscle activity in athletes, such a capability is needed and is possible, if to speak about the main features of hormonal adaptations in athletes. For this purpose it is expedient to use some principal provisions of the theory of General adaptation syndrome, developed G. Selje.
The condition of the body, characterized by the development of mechanisms of non-specific adaptation, it was determined, Selye as stress. Its content is to create a positive background for the occurrence of specific homeostatic reactions and increase as plastic and functional capacity. Due to this stress is, first of all, physiological adaptive reaction and is a natural phenomenon in athletes.