Diseases of the nervous system

The emergence of diseases of the nervous system in athletes can contribute to frequent physical and mental overload, chronic infections, malnutrition and other causes.
Diseases of the nervous system is divided depending on the preservation of the structure of the brain tissue and peripheral nerves organic and functional.
Organic diseases of the nervous system called such, which are based on certain anatomical changes of the brain and the spinal cord or peripheral nerves. These changes can be caused by trauma, various infections, intoxications, blood circulation, etc., For these diseases characterized by persistent, often irreversible defeat of one or another function of the nervous system.
In functional diseases of the nervous system structural changes not. Such diseases are expressed in violation of the dynamics of the main nervous processes. They can be a result of infectious diseases, diseases of internal organs is not infectious origin, fatigue, psychological injuries and other harmful factors.
Diseases of the nervous system there are also localization: diseases of the Central nervous system, which affects nerve cells and membranes of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system diseases, which are involved in pathological process nerve roots, plexus and peripheral nerves.
Athletes can meet the most diverse in character and localization of diseases of the nervous system. For example, in the repeated head injuries, even not accompanied by a pronounced symptoms of a concussion, over time, gradually, in the brain may develop certain pathological changes with a permanent disability of the Central nervous system. Most often in sports medicine practice, there are diseases of the peripheral nervous system and nervousness.