Prevention of digestive system diseases

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The life and labour of any person, regardless of his trade is impossible without the normal functioning of the digestive system. This is essentially a second after the gas exchange link, establishing a close link between the outer to the inner world of the body and ensure its functioning. Without constant delivery of energy and plastic materials, vitamins and minerals, water and mineral salts in the internal environment of the organism is impossible to provide the metabolic processes and, therefore, impossible for a human life.
However, if under the influence of violations of gas exchange, especially sudden discontinuation of oxygen in the bronchopulmonary system, comes "the blackness, with a gasp" cells, and first of all cells of the cerebral cortex, resulting in death, then a short delay in the delivery of food energy and plastic material necessitates on the part of the body to spend backup depot, which is always a while there are reserves of these materials.
Knowledge of the causes of dysfunction of the digestive organs and mechanisms of development of various diseases becomes not only a great cognitive interest, but also of practical importance. Preventive measures can be applied to patients only if there is clear understanding of the processes that may lead to the development of the disease.
But how can prevent serious complications, bleeding stomach ulcers twisted intestine in Spicak the abdominal cavity, peritonitis (inflammation of peritoneum) if the ulcer perforation, if the disease has already occurred?
Of course, at any disease of the organs of the abdominal cavity it is necessary to consult a doctor in any way by yourself not to take any measures, since they may be inadequate condition of the patient and to "lubricate" the important signs of the disease, need for timely diagnosis.
The organs of the digestive system are complex, especially if to look at them naked eye, not the usual optical instrument, and with an electron microscope. In this case you can see not only the abundance and secretory epithelial cells of the mucous membrane or mosaic arteriovenous and lymphatic capillaries, but intracellular structure of the cytoplasm, nucleus, mitochondria, complementary mechanism, bullock Golgi; all these elements combined with a membrane that protects the cell from the adverse effects of the external world and even neighboring cells. On the membrane surface has receptors which comprise a kind of "pores", through which pass energy and plastic materials, water and salt into the cell and metabolites in the intercellular space, and that miss and that the delay on the surface of cells, "decide themselves receptors; they function as if the gatekeeper. These receptors sensitive to the biological and physico-chemical processes that take place inside the cell and in the intercellular space, and automatically perform their functions. Each authority has a specific structure, providing different functions; at the bottom of the stomach lie glands secreting gastric juice, and the so-called obkladochnykh cells, producing and secreting hydrochloric acid; in the liver are hepatocytes that possess toxic properties, producing bile and glycogen synthesis; in the pancreas there are islets of Langerhans, which in the blood insulin. Pancreas throws very valuable for digestive juice containing various enzymes that break down fats and continue to digest carbohydrates and proteins. Because these glands display their products, their secrets to the duodenum, which play a major role in the breakdown and digestion of the main ingredients of food, I. P. Pavlov called their main digestive glands (Fig. 4).