Diseases of the liver and biliary system

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Liver and biliary system is doing a great role in the life of the organism. First, the liver is as if the Central lab, in which there neutralization and processing of all energy and plastic materials submitted in the internal environment of the body. Secondly, the liver produces complex and comprehensive secret (bile), which is involved in the breakdown of the most important ingredient of food - fat ensuring the energy balance, as well as in the complex process of heat regulation and modulation of the appearance of the human body. Third, the liver is a unique reservoir, which is deposited a significant amount of blood; in hepatocytes (liver cells) is postponed glycogen (sugar), is needed to supply energy to the body.
Thus, without liver impossible for the body's supply of energy and plastic materials, as received from the outside world through the wall of thin and thick intestines split products cannot be included in the metabolic processes that occur in cells of different organs and systems, without pre-processing in the liver. It hepatocytes processed and neutralize biochemical substrates containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, zinc, manganese, copper, iron, bromine, iodine, fluorine, calcium, potassium, sodium and other Hepatocytes also capable of structural change and to bring these items to the structure of molecules, which are included in billions of body cells. This phenomenon has its specificity (skeletal muscles need in a large number one for pancreatic - other, for bone - third, and so on), so the cells ' energy supplying, building material, water, minerals, hormones, and other ingredients are differentially. An important role in this distinction belongs to the receptors located on the cell membranes of hepatocytes. They are depending on the needs of cells "decide"which of these items to miss the cell and which of them to hold on to its surface.
Without touching the essence of biochemical transformations in the liver and in the organs and tissues (this topic requires special discussion), we note the important role of the liver in metabolism and, hence, in the most complex processes of human life. If in case of serious diseases of the stomach or intestines these bodies partially can be removed to make removal of the liver in humans in connection with absence of opportunity to transplant is possible. So are very important tool in the prevention of liver diseases. These measures primarily concerns the categorical prohibition of the use of alcohol. It is the alcohol often leads to serious violations of the liver function to recover almost impossible. Under the influence of alcohol comes fatty degeneration of liver cells and they die. In the result of the long use of different alcoholic beverages develop cirrhosis, i.e. growing connective tissue and die hepatocytes. This process, unfortunately, is also almost impossible to prevent.
Adversely affect liver infection, and first of all virus (especially the virus that causes the disease Hungary), brucellosis, and many chronic infections (including coccus), specific tuberculosis, syphilis, worm infestation and other
The liver helps and substandard food that can not only cause intoxication and to a certain extent, affect liver cells, but also be a cause inflammation in the biliary system, bile passages, ducts bladder. Important value in development of functional disorders of the biliary system have emotional impact, leading to the development of neurosis. In turn, neurosis is the reason of weakness of motility of the biliary tract, gall bladder and ducts. Such patients decreases tone biliary system, slows the evacuation of bile, develops a stagnation of bile. In some cases activated trapped in a bubble intestinal infection, especially E. coli, causing inflammation as the gallbladder and the biliary system; at other times nervous and infectious components taking into account the genetic aspects are the basis of salts deposition leading to the development of rocks and define together with the other moments of the essence of a bile stone disease.