The burial of the dead

The burial of the dead is done not earlier than 48 hours from the moment of death. Period shall be reduced at the point of death from infectious diseases or when signs of cadaveric decomposition.
The disposal is made on cemeteries, the device and the content of which is stipulated in the sanitary rules. Cemetery should defend from residential areas not less than 300 m and located on the non flood areas with dry loose soil, groundwater table, not closer than 2.5 m to the surface of the earth. Every cemetery must have a plan, which envisages allocation of sites for burial, the order of their use, landscaping, placing the necessary buildings and structures. The size of the area under cemetery is determined by the rate of 1.2 m2 per resident on the estimated population size. The disposal is made in a separate grave, which is allotted the land plot of 5 m2. The length of the graves of at least 2 m, width 1 m, depth not less than 1.5 M. For children up to 10 years, the area under the grave reduced to 2 m2. The passage between the graves on the long side of not less than 1 m, short of not less than 0.5 m Above the grave mound is not less than 0.5 m
Deaths from infectious diseases (typhus, abdominal, recurrent fever, scarlet fever, diphtheria) to. removal from the premises should be placed at the grave, after which the lid tightly boarded up, and open the coffin is not allowed. At the bottom of the coffin must be brought substances, absorbent: peat, dry sawdust, chloric izvest. Transport after transport the deceased subjected to disinfection. The order of burial of the dead from dangerous infections is regulated by special rules of MH of the USSR.
The use of land for secondary burial may be allowed not earlier than in 20 years after the last burial.
Closure or liquidation of the cemetery is in agreement e bodies of sanitary supervision.
Burning is the most perfect method of neutralization and mineralization of corpses. When the cremation of a corpse in an hour turns into a sterile ashes. Cremation of bodies is performed in a special cremation furnaces; in the fiery stream of air or gases. Incineration should be complete, the ash must be clean and white. The crematoria were built at the distance of 300-500 m from residential areas. Land plot shall be planted and landscaped.
Burial in mass graves. In an emergency situation (for example, in the case of the use by the enemy of mass destruction or large, natural disaster), in the presence of significant quantities of both the victims and the lack of necessary funds to disposal in accordance with the normal rules can be no burial in mass graves.
In the case of burial of the dead from the damaging factors of nuclear-missile weapons or natural disasters the bottom of the graves shall not be less than 0.5 m above the groundwater level. Between the rows of buried is filled with a layer of soil thickness of 0.5 m Distance from the top row of corpses to the surface should be not less than 1 m, the height of gravestones of the hill - not less than 0.75 m On the bottom of the grave should be made hatchback stank with absorbing crushed stone or wood. For aeration of the grave to hold a vent pipe from boards displayed on the height of 1-1 .5 m above the tomb.
In the case of burial of the victims of chemical or biological weapons all the bodies before burial should be subject to special treatment. The bottom mass graves should defend from a groundwater level not less than 1 to 1.5 m On the bottom of the grave, and between the rows of buried additionally placed special disinfecting substances (bleach, etc. at the rate of 2-3 kg per person buried. Ventilation pipes in this case is not settled. The distance from the top row of corpses to the surface should be not less than 1.5 m, the height of the gravestones of the hill - 1 M. the Territory of such a grave, shall be securely fenced and secured a special warning signs.
All activities on the burial of the dead from toxic substances and infectious diseases should be in compliance with sanitary rules (use of personal protective equipment, decontamination , and other).