Healthcare legislation

The healthcare legislation : laws and decrees issued by the Soviet government and local authorities on the protection of public health. These include laws that establish requirements and standards in the field of sanitary and hygiene of labour protection and life of the population (health legislation), regulation on control of infectious and other diseases, according health organization.
The health care legislation started to be published from the first days of Soviet power.
Signed Century I. Lenin was published a number of decrees against fever, compulsory opepreveria, maternity and childhood, social insurance and other Special role in the development of the Soviet health plays the program of the Party, which gives the direction to the development of the Soviet health, the decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU(b) of 18 December 1929 "health-care workers and peasants", the decree of the CPSU Central Committee and USSR Council of Ministers dated January 14, 1960 "on measures for further improvement of medical care and health protection of the population of the USSR", the decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR "About the state of medical care and interventions to improve health in the USSR" dated 26 June 1968, directives XXIII and XXIV Congress of the CPSU. Extremely important is the law on pensions and allowances to members of collective farms, adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 15 July 1964, the Law provides for the retirement of old-age and disability and in cases of loss of the supporter. Women farm workers receive a benefit for pregnancy and childbirth. In the resolution of the CPSU Central Committee and USSR Council of Ministers dated 5 July 1968 "on measures for further improving the health and development of medical science in the country" there is a significant consolidation and further expansion of hospital care to the population; significantly improved standards of the contents of patients in hospitals and planned measures to improve their care. In the Constitution of the USSR, a number of articles that relate directly to health.
For example, the senior 119 establishes the right of citizens of the USSR on vacation, senior 120 - the right to maintenance in old age and in case of illness and loss of ability to work, senior 122 the state provides protection of the interests of mothers and children (providing pregnant holidays with preservation of content, a wide network of maternity hospitals, creches and kindergartens).
A great event in the Soviet health care is the adoption by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in December 1969, "the Basics of legislation on health care of the USSR and Union republics". The law stipulates the principles and forms of medical care of the population in the USSR is a free, public access, high qualification of assistance, preventive direction of the Soviet health system wide actions for the protection of motherhood and childhood, sanitary-antiepidemic organization and others In the "basic laws" emphasizes that the protection of public health is the duty of all state bodies, public organizations. However, the law imposes on citizens ' duty to take good care of their health and health of other members of society.
In the USSR eliminated a number of infectious diseases (malaria, smallpox and other) and is successfully addressing the elimination of diphtheria, poliomyelitis and other Special importance is the decree of the USSR Council of Ministers on the fight against tuberculosis.
Great importance in the healthcare legislation have resolutions of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and Union republics of the economic plans, laws on planning and accomplishment of settlements, on hygiene requirements to the construction, labour protection and other legislation on health related state standards (GOSTs), which establish sanitary and hygienic standards for different types of national economy - construction, communal landscaping, manufacture of food products and so on, the most Important in the healthcare legislation are developed by the sanitary authorities of the standards and requirements for water supply, sanitary and water protection, air, soil, the descent of wastewater, regulations, ventilation, lighting, heating, sanitary requirements to design of residential and public buildings and other
The health care legislation are published in all-Union, Republican and local authorities. In the decisions of the Executive committees of the Soviets of working people's deputies, adopted on the basis of directives of the Party and Government are reflected sanitary condition of the local housing and communal institutions, food enterprises and institutions, and so on, See. also Health.