Breast milk substitutes

If a newborn is unable to provide breast milk, use mixes with low allergenic properties; they prefer the mixtures based on cow's milk. Use hypoallergenic mixtures especially suitable for children with potential allergies, i.e. if you have an Allergy from one of their parents or brothers and sisters. If any of the close relatives of the child is allergic to milk, it only shows a mixture with hypoallergenic properties. The latter include children soy blend, hydrolyzed casein, concentrated cow's milk protein-free diet and meat mixture.
Chapter VIII the composition of these mixtures is discussed in more detail.
For the prevention of Allergy to cow's milk most often use soy blend. In 1952, Glaser and Johnstone [196] observed 67 children with potential allergies, which successfully fed a mixture of soy from the moment of birth. According to the authors [197]who conducted a retrospective study, the number of cases of allergies in children 6 years, which consumed at an early age soy mixture and practically does not treated in the first 2 years of life cow milk, was 4 times less than in children who used cow's milk (15% compared to 65%). Similar data about the less frequent the development of allergies in children, not consumed in early childhood cow's milk, also received Johnstone and Dutton on the basis of a retrospective study, covering the 10-year period [3]. Children at risk of Allergy, which consumed soy mixture and not treated during the first 9 months of life dairy products, chicken meat, eggs and wheat, respiratory Allergy developed in 18% of cases, while in the group of children who were at the milk feeding, this figure was 50%. However, non-selective survey of children in the subsequent period 12-27 months, these differences were less distinct. The number of cases of allergies in children of this age, previously consumed soy mixture was 10.6% and 13.3% of those who were at the milk feeding [198].
In the study of circulating antibodies in children under the age of 1 year, it was found that soy proteins and milk cow have the same antigenic properties [199]. However, this does not mean that the clinical manifestations of Allergy caused by these two types of proteins that are the same; in this work the authors have not studied this question. There is evidence that soy protein has the same allergenic properties, as well as the protein of cow's milk, and, according to some authors, soy mixture is impractical to use for the prevention of allergic diseases [8, 200].