Constipation

  • Constipation in children
  • Constipation is no bowel movement for a few days (more than 2 days) or bowel movements, although in normal time, but in the absence of the feeling of complete evacuation.
    The cause constipation can be organic changes in the intestine and functional disorders. Constipation organic nature are often associated with congenital anomalies of the intestine (sharp extension and increase of the colonic lumen or the mobility of the caecum) or arise as a result of adhesions after surgery in the abdomen, after suffering of peritonitis. Constipation can be caused by inflammation in the intestine, tumours of compressing the rectum or outside the closing of its clearance, foreign bodies (such as worms).
    Constipation functional character are seen depressive States, violations of peristalsis, resulting atony (relaxation) of the muscles of the intestines or spastic reduction. Atony usually develops in people leading a sedentary lifestyle, eating food, deprived of toxins that are necessary for normal bowel function, while lowering the overall tone of the organism, after serious illness. Constipation, spastic nature may arise reflex, such as cracks rectum and hemorrhoids that cause spasm of the sphincter anal, when reflexes from other organs of the abdominal cavity, causing spasms of individual sections of the colon. Sometimes habitual constipation develop in people who systematically suppressing normal reflex for defecation due to unfavorable conditions of life or your work. Causes of constipation may be chronic poisoning by lead (printers, founder and other) and some endocrine diseases (myxedema, acromegaly).
    Over and symptoms depend on the causes of constipation. In congenital anomalies bowel constipation begin from childhood, usugublyali with age. Characteristic for constipation are rare stool - after 2-3 days and more. Often, the passage of feces in the form of nuts (sheep feces) or daily chair, but small portions. Pain blunt nature bottom of a stomach, accompanied by flatulence, bad discharge of gases. At a palpation of the abdomen sometimes manage to determine dense, spasticeski abridged and slightly painful loop thick guts. Often patients complain of a General nature on headaches that depressed mood, a bad taste in the mouth, palpitation, weakening of memory, decreased ability to work , and so on
    Treatment depends on the underlying cause constipation (for example, surgical - when anomalies, tumors, and so on). In the treatment of functional constipation should distinguish their character. In atonic constipation - restorative therapy (physical culture, water treatment), plant foods that are rich in fiber: black bread, vegetables (cabbage, cucumbers, carrots, winter squash, beets, zucchini, radish, peas, beans, beans), fruits (melons, peaches, kiwi, tangerines, oranges, figs, dates, grapes), buckwheat. Appointed laxatives - salt (15-30 grams of sodium sulfate dissolve in 1/2 glass of water), vaseline oil (1 tablespoon per reception), rhubarb (0.5-2 g per reception). Moderately stimulate intestinal peristalsis honey, honey gingerbreads, sugar, raisins, prunes, apples and broth of these fruits, sour and acidophilus milk, curdled milk, fermented boiled milk, day kefir, Mare's milk, lemonade.
    For constipation help creamy and vegetable oil, fish oil and dishes cooked in vegetable oil, and consumption of copious quantities of liquid - cold water, is better with sugar, honey, jams, cold milk, fruit and vegetable juices and Sometimes other well-tone bowel physiotherapy: fan-shaped shower on the stomach, repeated courses subaqueous baths, abdomen massageand exercise therapy. In spastic constipation effective restorative therapy, should be avoided nervous overstrain, stop Smoking and drinking alcohol. Food must be low in fiber, excluding all spicy foods, spices. Shown reception of various sedatives (Valerian, bromine, Elenium, meprobamate and other). Good effect is periodic treatment courses (2-3 weeks) of 0.1% solution of atropine (5-8 drops 3 times a day for half an hour before meals), a papaverine (0.04 g 3 times a day) with an extract of belladonna (0.015 g 3 times a day before meals) or Speu (1 tab. 2-3 times a day before meals). The duration of the break between courses is determined by the doctor. For constipation, besides various laxatives, apply and enemas, simple and siphon. An indispensable condition for the treatment of patients with constipation - teaching them defecate in the same time.
    For all types of constipation shown sanatorium-resort treatment, but after careful examination of the gastrointestinal tract. Resort factors have a positive impact on the entire the organism as a whole, in particular on the Central nervous system. Under the influence of the overall impact, skillfully chosen diet, regular meals, balneological treatment (mineral General and local baths, drinking mineral water and mud procedures, in many cases leads to recovery. Shown Spa treatment Essentuki, Borjomi, Pyatigorsk and other